Skjold Class

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Skjold Class Stealth Missile Corvette
Skjold Class 01.jpg
Skjold Class Stealth Missile Corvette
Career Flag of Kalmar Union.png
Nationality: Skandinavia
Operated by: Skandinavia
Builder: Umoe Mandal
NAtech Marine(Since 2002)
Ordered: First of class: August 1996
Launched: First of class: June 1998
Commissioned: First of class: May 1999
Status: In Service
General characteristics
Displacement: 274 tonnes
Length: 47.5 m
Beam: 13.5 m
Draft: 1.0 m
Power: 18MW
Propulsion: NAtech/Volvo COFCAG (multi-gas turbine and fuel cell propulsion system) with two NAtech Marine hydrojets
Speed: 47 knots
Maximum speed: 65 knots
Range: 1,100 nautical miles at 47 knots
Complement: 16
Armament: Sensors
1 x TERMA C-Flex Combat Management System
1 x TERMA SCANTER 2100 Surveillance Radar
1 x Kongsberg KF102 Fire Control System
1 x Kongsberg C-Scope Sonar System
Electronic warfare
1 x TERMA TV-112 tactical radar surveillance system
Decoys
1 x TERMA DL-22T Multi Ammunition Decoy System
1 x TERMA Loki torpedo countermeasure
Armament
1 × 57 mm BOFORS Mk.3
1 x Kongsberg Sea Protector CIWS
1 x Saab RBS 23 BAMSE SAM system
8 × Naval Strike Missile SSMs
2 x Saab Antisubmarine mortar launchers

Skjold Class Stealth Missile Corvette is a class of 22 superfast, stealth missile corvettes in service with theSjøforsvaret. They are characterised by its speed, reduced signatures, small size with heavy weapon load and its littoral combat capability. The Skjold Class ships have an air-cushioned catamaran hull (surface effect) which, with waterjet propulsion, provides high speed and manoeuvrability.

An important capability of the Skjold Class vessels is their covert operational capability in littoral warfare, particularly in using Skandinavia’s coastal topography with its islands and fjords, to carry out surveillance and engage hostile forces from a close distance while remaining undetected. The shallow draught of 1m allows the ships to access very shallow waters denied to other vessels.

Air cushion catamaran design[edit | edit source]

Skjold Class 02.jpg

The ship’s configuration uses an air cushion catamaran (ACC) design, which is an advanced variant of surface effect ship (SES) technology. The ACC is based on a catamaran hull with an air cushion between the hulls, which has been successfully proven with the Rauma Class minehunters and minesweepers, which entered service in 1994. The low area of wetted surface of the hulls gives an improved level of shock resistance and significantly reduced wave resistance, compared to that of a conventional displaced or semi-displaced hull configuration. The vessel’s stabilisation systems, including a ride control system which monitors and regulates the pressure of the air cushion by controlling vent valves and a stern fan system that controls the stern seal pressure. The elevated position of the magnetic components reduces the magnetic signature.

The combination of the twin hull and water jet propulsion provides very high and very responsive manoeuvrability. Vital systems have been duplicated for enhanced survivability and the ship remains operational with one engine room set lost. The low draught of 1m on cushion gives an advantage of access to shallow coastal waters and lower vulnerability to impact against surface or tethered mines or other debris.

The hull is of composite construction. The hulls are laminated inside and outside with fibre-reinforced plastic composed of glass fibre and carbon laminates bound with vinyl ester and polyester resin. A scrimp manufacturing process is used in construction, involving vacuum-assisted resin injection. Carbon fibre and carbon-loaded materials have been selected for the beams, mast and supporting structures, which need high tensile strength, for example the support structures for the gun and the electro-optical and radar weapon director.

Radar-absorbent doors, hatches and windows[edit | edit source]

Radar-absorbent materials have been used in the load-bearing structures across large areas of the ship. This strategy leads to significant weight saving compared to conventional construction techniques of applying RAM cladding to the external surfaces. The ship’s profile has a faceted appearance with no right-angle structures and few orientations of reflective panels.

Doors and hatches are flush with the surfaces and the windows are flush without visible coaming (edge of window aperture) and are fitted with radar-reflective screens.

TERMA C-Flex Combat Management System[edit | edit source]

TERMA C-Flex Combat Management System is basen on open system architecture and is able to integrate the Saab 9LV FCS Fire Control System and Saab EOS 500 Electro Optical Fire Control. The system is completed with a TERMA SCANTER 4100 Surveillance Radar and a modified Kongsberg C-Scope Sonar System.

The communications system has a high-capacity digital communications switch, developed by TERMA, which interconnects the voice and data communications channels. The system provides internal communications or open conference lines and access to external communications with various radio links and land-based networks.

The TERMA C-Flex Combat Management System uses operating modes for littoral warfare, is interoperable with other Sjøforsvaret's vessels and gives fast response to pop-up air threats, such as helicopters or other aircraft that suddenly emerge from cover.

Power generation & propulsion[edit | edit source]

FLOSK chose to equip the ship with a mixed multi-gas turbine and fuel cell propulsion system (COFCAG) developed jointly by NAtech and Volvo Aero. Main fuel for which the system has been designed is hydrogen, but the system can also work with natural gas, methane and other gases, although with a lower energy efficiency. At low speed and during maneuvers the system uses the power delivered by the fuel cells, using the gas turbine system to achieve higher speeds. In addition, the system reuses the exhaust gases to turbocharge the turbine and for the ship's heating systems, which considerably reduces the ship's thermal footprint and finally the remaining gases are expelled from the stern. Power plant of the ship was designed taking into account the current needs of energy for propulsion and other systems on board, so it was possible to assume an increase in power required if new equipment or systems were installed in the future.

The propulsion system is fully electrical with two NAtech Marine hydrojets mounted externally to the main hull. The electricity for the motors is supplied by the power system.

Electronic systems[edit | edit source]

One of the main design premises was the need to mount Skandinavian made electronic systems in order to full integration with other Forsvaret systems and satellite net.

Sensors

  • 1 x TERMA C-Flex Combat Management System
  • 1 x TERMA SCANTER 2100 Surveillance Radar
  • 1 x Kongsberg KF102 Fire Control System
  • 1 x Kongsberg C-Scope Sonar System

Electronic warfare

  • 1 x TERMA TV-112 tactical radar surveillance system

Decoys

  • 1 x TERMA DL-22T Multi Ammunition Decoy System
  • 1 x TERMA Loki torpedo countermeasure

Armament[edit | edit source]

NSM fired from a Skjold Class corvette

List of ships[edit | edit source]

# Name Ordered Launched Commissioned
P-961 KSS Skjold August 1996 June 1998 May 1999
P-962 KSS Storm August 1996 June 1998 May 1999
P-963 KSS Skudd August 1996 January 1999 February 2000
P-964 KSS Steil August 1996 January 1999 February 2000
P-965 KSS Glimt August 1996 May 2000 August 2001
P-966 KSS Gnist August 1996 May 2000 August 2001
P-967 KSS Hawk January 2004 May 2005 August 2006
P-968 KSS Ørn January 2004 September 2005 October 2006
P-969 KSS Terne January 2004 November 2005 December 2006
P-970 KSS Tjeld January 2004 February 2006 February 2007
P-971 KSS Skarv January 2004 April 2006 June 2007
P-972 KSS Skarv January 2004 July 2006 September 2007
P-973 KSS Teist October 2008 January 2010 March 2011
P-974 KSS Jo October 2008 March 2010 May 2011
P-975 KSS Lom October 2008 April 2010 July 2011
P-976 KSS Stegg October 2008 June 2010 August 2011
P-977 KSS Falk October 2008 September 2010 October 2011
P-978 KSS Ravn October 2008 December 2010 December 2011
P-979 KSS Gribb October 2008 February 2011 March 2012
P-980 KSS Geir October 2008 April 2011 May 2012
P-981 KSS Snøgg October 2008 June 2011 July 2012
P-982 KSS Rapp October 2008 August 2011 September 2012