South Mariana

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Not to be confused as Mariana.

Independent Pacific State of South Mariana

Kampungan Estado Pasifiko ni Bagat Mariana
Campungan Estado Pasifico de Mariana Sur
Estado Pacífico Independiente de Mariana del Sur
Flag of South Mariana
Flag
Coat of Arms
Coat of arms
Motto: Amor an Lusun, Amor an Tahun
(Love the Country, Love the People)
Anthem: Aba Tahud an Katag Bagat Mariana
(God Bless the South Mariana Islands)
Map of South Mariana.svg
Capital Maisa
Largest city Sangan
Official languages Maisanese
Amargo
Spanish
English
Recognised regional languages Chamorro
Chinese
Filipino
German
Japanese
Ethnic groups
(2019)
Maisanese - 49%
Filipino - 13%
Chamorro - 11%
American - 9%
Japanese - 6%
Chinese - 5%
German - 3%
Korean - 2%
Others - 2%
Demonym(s) South Mariana Islander (formal)
Maisanese (colloquial)
Government Federal semi-presidential constitutional republic
• President
Adreanna Bugayong
Joseph Guerrero
Aniceto Mata
Francisco Tanio
Legislature National Assembly
House of Councilors
House of Delegates
Independence 
from Spain
• Spanish East Indies
1565
• South Mariana First Republic
1897
• Japanese occupation in South Mariana
1942
• South Mariana Second Republic
1945
• Current constitution
1998
Area
• Total
702 km2 (271 sq mi)
Population
• 2019 estimate
2,992,632 (148th)
• 2019 census
2,992,632
• Density
120/km2 (310.8/sq mi)
Currency South Mariana peso (SMR)
Date format dd-mm-yyyy
Driving side left
Calling code +64
ISO 3166 code SMR
Internet TLD .smr
Website
www.southmariana.gov.smr

South Mariana, officially the Independent Pacific State of South Mariana is an archipelagic country in Pacific Ocean. It is located southernmost of Mariana Archipelago but the country doesn't include the island of Guam. It consists of 19 islands that are categorized broadly under the three main geographical divisions named: Durem, Lanu and Sapet. The capital city is Maisa and most populous city is Sangan.

It was a territory of Spanish East Indies in 1565 until 1898. After Spanish-American War, Guam were sold to the United States but the northern part of archipelago were sold to Germany. It was also attempt that southern part of archipelago were also sold to Germany but some people didn't agree because they want independence. During World War II, it became a Japanese territory following the loss of South Mariana in Battle of Maisa. After the surrender of Japanese soldiers, the country was restored in 1945. The current constitution was enacted in 1998 by former president Flerida de Leon to established the federal government of the country.

History[edit]

Prehistory[edit]

Spanish colonization[edit]

The entire Mariana Islands was discovered by Ferdinand Magellan together with his crew in 1521. Magellan was the first European who discovered the Mariana Islands. He first discovered the southern portion of the Mariana Islands and he saw the Mayisa people. The said people are good in gathering fruits and fishing. After the discovery of the southern portion of Mariana Islands, Magellan and his crew discovered Guam and Northern Mariana islands and the entire Mariana islands claimed the archipelago for Spain.

First republic[edit]

South Mariana declared independence from Spain in August 13, 1897 but the independence was not formally unrecognized by the Spaniards until the end of Maisa Revolution. After the victory of South Mariana against Spaniards, the independence was formally declared by Manuel Alig in May 12, 1899. It was attempted that the country will became a territory of Germany and United States but Alig and the people of South Mariana did not agree because they want independence. At the same year, the First Kampalin War was happened to prevent the colonization of South Mariana by the Germans and Americans. During Alig administration, South Mariana have diplomatic relations with the Philippines and they recognized each other as countries until Philippine president Emilio Aguinaldo captured by the Americans in 1901.

The first election was held in May 26, 1902 and Carlos Inemu won the election against Alberto Pomar and Lucio Dalum. During Inemu administration, the Second Kampalin War happened because the U. S. forced them to colonize the country but they did not agree. The war was happened in two months and many casualties in both parties. Due to the efforts of Maisanese people, the government of South Mariana won against the United States.

World War II and Japanese colonization[edit]


Second republic[edit]

After the Second World War, Marcos Taitano (the son of former president Felipe Taitano) became president and he won the election against Alonzo Borja, Macario Sapyang, and Gabriel Concepcion. During his term, Talina became the temporary capital of the country due to the severe damage of Maisa during war. He rebuilt the city of Maisa for two years with the help of the people.

Shift to federalism[edit]

In 1998, the current government of South Mariana was shift from unitary to federalism by former president Flerida de Leon.

Present day[edit]

Geography[edit]

Politics[edit]

Government[edit]

South Mariana is a federal semi-presidential constitutional democracy which serves as the foundation of the executive, legislative, and judicial branches. The president is the head of state and he/she appoints the prime minister and the deputy prime minister. The vice president will be take over the post if the president is resigned or removed. The government of the country is bicameral and it is divided into two houses: House of Councilors (upper house) and House of Delegates (lower house).

Executive branch[edit]

  • Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries, and Food
  • Ministry of Commerce, Trade, and Industry
  • Ministry of Culture and the Arts
  • Ministry of Defense
  • Ministry of Education, Science, and Research
  • Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources
  • Ministry of Environment, Foresty, and Water
  • Ministry of Foreign Affairs
  • Ministry of Health, Social Services, and Welfare
  • Ministry of Human Settlements
  • Ministry of Information and Communications Technology
  • Ministry of Interior and Public Safety
  • Ministry of Justice
  • Ministry of Labor and Employment
  • Ministry of Land Reform
  • Ministry of Public Works and Infrastructure
  • Ministry of Sports
  • Ministry of Tourism



Political parties[edit]

Logo English Name Maisanese Name Founded
Progressive Party of South Mariana.svg
Progressive Party Partido Progresista 1902
National People's Party of South Mariana.svg
National People's Party Partido Malusun Matahun 1924
Democratic Party of South Mariana.svg
Democratic Party Partido Demokrata 1928
United Citizens Party of South Mariana.svg
United Citizens Party Partido Unida Matahuan 1948
National Reform Party of South Mariana.svg
National Reform Party Partido Malusun Reforma 1972
Liberty Party of South Mariana.svg
Liberty Party Partido Libertad 1976
Republican Party of South Mariana.svg
Republican Party Partido Republikana 1989
Future Nation Party of South Mariana.svg
Future Nation Party Partido Layuha Lusun 2000

Progressive Party[edit]

Progressive Party (Partido Progresista) was founded in 1902. It is one of the largest political party in South Mariana. It is also the oldest political party in the country. The party advocates progressivism and agrarianism. This party is very popular among the masses for almost centuries and many former presidents in the history of South Mariana are from the said party. The current chairperson of the party is Robert Pulina while the secretary-general is Manolo Sagayon.

National People's Party[edit]

National People's Party (Partido Malusun Matahun) was founded in 1924, following the merger of two political parties called: Nationalist Party (Partido Malusunan) and People's Party (Partido Matahun). The party advocates conservatism, nationalism, and populism. This party is the most popular rival of the Progressives and they are one of the major parties that compete every election. The current chairperson of the party is Amalia Williams while the secretary-general is Salvador Gahuma.

Democratic Party[edit]

Democratic Party (Partido Demokrata) was founded in 1928, following the dissolution of Independence Party (Partido Kampalin). The party advocates popular democracy and social liberalism. It is considered as the oldest minor political party in South Mariana. The current chairperson of the party is Marco Neumann while the secretary-general is Cassandra Yamasaki.

United Citizens Party[edit]

United Citizens Party (Partido Unida Matauhan) was founded in 1948, two years after former president Alonzo Borja defeated for the re-election of 1946 presidential election. The party advocates nationalism, populism and social democracy. The current chairperson is Lucio Borja while the secretary-general is Petra Concepcion.

National Reform Party[edit]

Liberty Party[edit]

Republican Party[edit]

Future Nation Party[edit]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Map of South Mariana (states).svg
Flag State Capital city Map
flag of durem Durem Sangan ???
flag of fcs Federal Capital State Maisa ???
flag of lanu Lanu Menuri ???
flag of sapet Sapet Bunbon ???

Foreign relations[edit]

Economy[edit]

Infrastructure[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Buses, carozas, taxis, and motorcycle are commonly available in major cities and towns. Carozas are popular and iconic horse-drawn carriage that still exist today. They have become a symbol of the Maisanese culture and it is considered as a counterpart of kalesa in the Philippines. Medium boats are also used for transportation from island to island.

Energy[edit]

Telecommunications[edit]

The mobile telephone market of South Mariana is divided between two companies - Azul Mobile and Fresco Telecom. The two telecommunication companies have also subscribers in Guam and Northern Mariana Islands. Over 48% of the population were used mobile phones in everyday life. The state of mobile market is stable due to the stronger signal by using 4G network.

As of 2010, there are around 532,901 Internet users in South Mariana with overall Internet penetration of 49%. In 2014, former president Miguel Schneider signed a law for the free access of Wi-Fi for the whole country especially in public areas.

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

Race[edit]

Languages[edit]

Religion[edit]

Education[edit]

The education of South Mariana is free and compulsory for the ages 5 to 22. The education of the country is divided into four groups: kindergarten (5-6 years old), elementary (7-12 years old), secondary (13-18 years old), and tertiary (19-22 years old). Some students are not going to college but instead they take some vocational courses to improve their skills and to help a better working experiences.

South Mariana have three main public universities named: National University of South Mariana, South Mariana State University, University of South Mariana.

Culture[edit]

Music[edit]

The music of the country have an influence of Chamorro and Filipino music. The Maisanese pop music of South Mariana have also an influence of Western music. Other genres that are popular in the country are rock, R&B, hip-hop, soul, acoustic, reggae, and Latin music.

The popular singers in the country are Rosalinda Dulum, Mercedes Valencia, Amado Jalandoni, Rufino Agbayani, Claro Lizama, Edna Su, Pedro Hiroshi, Esteban Goo, and Alfred Alcasid.

The Original Pilipino Music (OPM) is very popular of South Mariana due to the bigger population of the Filipino community in the country. Aside from OPM, some people in the country are listening to J-Pop and K-Pop.

The main record labels in the country are Lily Records (owned by Sony Music Enterntainment), Astro Music (owned by Universal Music Group), Venus Records (owned by Warner Music Group), Cirtus Records, Oriental Records, and Terra Records.

Cinema[edit]

Mass media[edit]

Print[edit]

Television[edit]

The major television networks in South Mariana are: SMBS, ITAC, PBMI, and MRTN. The said television networks are only available free television channels on Maisanese television by audiences in the country. The four giant networks have also access Northern Mariana Islands and Guam due to it's geographical location.

Most of the time, the Maisanese TV audiences are enjoying of watching TV series from China, Japan, Latin America, South Korea, Philippines, Thailand, and United States. Local dramas are also available but it is uncommon to produce TV series in the country. Some of the highest rated Maisanese drama in history are Pahat Bulan (Blue Moon), Balai ni Mungen (House of Darkness), Han Palahad (The Promise), and Maria Corazon.

Cuisine[edit]

The cuisine of South Mariana are influenced by the Spaniards, Filipinos, Chamorros, and other ethnic groups. The most famous dish is adobar. The main ingredients of the said dish are soy sauce, vinegar, black peppercorns, bay leaves, and chilis. It has the same taste of the Philippine adobo but it has a spicy taste.

Sports[edit]

Public holidays[edit]