Speaker of the House of Commons of Sierra
|Speaker of the House of Commons of Sierra|
Parliament of Sierra|
House of Commons of Sierra
|Type||Presiding officer of one chamber in a bicameral legislature|
|Member of||House Committee on Procedure, Rules, and Administration|
|Seat||Porciúncula, GC, Sierra|
|Nominator||Anyone who is qualified to be a commoner; in practice a member of the house and majority party leadership; confirmed by the Clerk|
|Appointer||Absolute majority vote by House of Commons; sworn in by the Dean|
|Term length||At the House's pleasure; elected at the start of each session, and upon a vacancy|
November 27, 1858
|Formation||November 27, 1858|
|Succession||Second in the Prime Ministerial Line of Succession|
|Succession||Second in the Prime Ministerial Line of Succession|
|Salary||$245,000 per year|
|Deputy||The Speaker can delegate to a member of the House to act as Speaker pro tempore, presiding over the House in his/her absence|
The Speaker of the House is the presiding officer of the House of Commons of Sierra, the lower house of the Sierran Parliament. The Speaker is a member of Parliament elected by an absolute majority of all the commoners in the House, although the Constitution does not require that the Speaker be an elected member of the House. The current Speaker is Joe Millard, a Royalist representing Kings' 2nd parliamentary district.
As presiding officer, the Speaker may choose who may speak during the debate, set up rules for the debate, maintain order, enact disciplinary action, and tally votes. In addition to their role as presiding officer, the Speaker functions as the leader of their party, and sets its legislative agenda. As the chair of the House Committee on Procedure, Rules, and Administration, the Speaker oversees which bill may pass to the floor, and the procedures to voting on said bill. The Speaker does not always preside over debates, and in their absence, they appoint a Speaker pro tempore from their party to assume that duty.
Role[edit | edit source]
|Kingdom of Sierra|
This article is part of the series:
Partisan[edit | edit source]
Since the Constitution does not describe the political role of the Speaker, the office has evolved over the years to become an important, partisan office that has shaped the House's internal politics and operations. Historically, speakers typically possessed greater political clout and leverage if the Prime Ministry and/or the Senate was in control of the Speaker's opposition, although speakers in unified governments have also still exercised considerable power. Typically, the Speaker is the head of the majority party in the house, and outranks the party's Majority Leader. As the leader of the majority party, the Speaker may determine the party's legislative agenda and lead it, using their power and influence to steer in certain pieces of legislation, and ensure party members vote in-line. The Speaker is assisted by the Majority Leader, Majority Whip, Chief Deputy Whip, and assistant party leaders.
The Speaker is generally more politically decisive when the Prime Minister belongs to a different party. As the leader of the opposition party (even when the Prime Minister's party is the actual opposition party), the Speaker usually acts as the Prime Minister's chief political opponent, clashing with the Prime Minister over policy disputes by rejecting the leader's agenda and blocking measures sent by the Prime Minister's party. When the Speaker and Prime Minister belong to the same party, the former often takes a more ceremonial role, fulfilling the legislative agenda and goals of the Prime Minister.
Presiding officer[edit | edit source]
As the presiding officer of the House of Commons, the Speaker wields various powers and responsibilities and is the highest-ranking legislative official in the Kingdom. In their absence, the Speaker may select a Speaker pro tempore to assume their role and duties. On the floor, the Speaker or their designated Speaker pro tempore is always referred to as "Mister Speaker" or "Madam Speaker". The Speaker may rule on all points of order, maintain decorum on the floor, and approve who may speak.
The Speaker is also the head of the House Committee on Procedure, Rules, and Administration by ex officio, and may select eight of the twelve adjunct members, subject to the approval of the majority party. The Speaker is also responsible for the appointment of members in all select and conference committees. The Speaker may also determine which committee should be responsible for considering a certain bill. Although the Speaker is a member of the House, the Speaker usually reserves their right to vote and debate on particularly decisive matters.
Other functions[edit | edit source]
The Speaker is second in line of the prime ministerial succession, immediately after the Deputy Prime Minister under the Prime Ministerial Succession Act of 1937. According to current protocol, the Speaker is ranked seventh in the Sierran order of precedence.
Whenever a joint session is held, the session is always held in the House Chamber. As a result of this fact, the Speaker presides over these sessions to hear addresses from the Monarch, Prime Minister, foreign leaders, or invited guests.
The Speaker is also responsible for overseeing the House apolitical posts, among these including the Secretary, the Clerks, the Sergeant-at-Arms, the Doorkeeper-at-Arms, the Curator, and the Standard-Bearer, the Chaplain, the Chief Administrative Officer. Most members of the apolitical posts, although appointed by the House, serve at the Speaker's pleasure, and may be dismissed at any time.
As both the leader of the House and the party, the Speaker is the official spokesperson for both bodies, and frequently delivers press conferences and statements, often expressing the opinion of the House, and projecting partisan agenda to the media and the public.
Selection[edit | edit source]
The House Commons elects the Speaker on the first day of every new session or legislative year (the first order of business) or whenever the incumbent Speaker dies or resigns. All members of the House on the floor are eligible to vote, including candidates for Speaker. Each member may choose anyone to become Speaker, including individuals who are not even elected members of the House, so long as said individual is constitutionally eligible to be a member of the House. The Secretary of the House is responsible for recording and counting all of the votes, asking each member to select their choice for the Speaker. To be elected speaker, a candidate must receive an absolute majority of all votes cast, excluding those who have abstained. Following the election of the Speaker, the incoming Speaker is sworn in by the Dean of the House, who is the House's senior member who has the longest unbroken service.
Salary, benefits, and other privileges[edit | edit source]
As a distinguished and prominent member of the House, as well as the leader of their party, the Speaker enjoys a higher salary than their fellow colleagues. As of 2015, current Speaker Joe Milliard earns an annual $200,000 as Speaker, excluding healthcare coverage, pension, and other benefits. With regards to security, the Speaker is always accompanied by at least two assigned Secret Service agents as the office is protected as a D-2 position, the second highest level of security and protection within the agency. Former Speakers may enjoy the protection from the agency for at least a year after resumption of the title, and this may be extended at the discretion of the agency or the Prime Minister.
Like all other commoners as well as senators, the Speaker is accommodated with their own office space and staff. The office of Speaker is physically located within the East Wing of the Parliament Building, and currently employs over 20 non-partisan workers and personnel. In addition, there is an auxiliary office for the Speaker at the Hiram Johnson Library Building, which houses an extensive collection of House-related archives and paperwork.
Counterparts[edit | edit source]
The Speaker's counterpart in the upper house is the President of the Senate, who is also the Prime Minister. All provincial and territorial legislatures also have Speakers with similar roles and duties. Prior to Sierra's creation, the House Speaker-equivalent in the California Republic was the Speaker of the California House of Representatives.
List of Speakers[edit | edit source]
|Royalist||San Francisco's 2nd||1st
|November 27, 1858 -|
October 16, 1866
|Democratic-Republican||San Joaquin's 4th||5th
|October 16, 1866 -|
January 7, 1873
Campbell Polson Berry
|January 7, 1873 -|
November 13, 1877
|Democratic-Republican||Reno's 2nd||10th||November 13, 1877 -|
October 16, 1878
Frederick Bachelor, Jr.
|Royalist||Santa Clara's 1st||11th
|October 16, 1878 -|
March 13, 1884
Frank Leslie Coombs
|March 13, 1884 -|
October 16, 1894
|Royalist||Santa Clara's 3rd||19th||October 16, 1894 -|
October 16, 1896
Arthur G. Frisk
|Royalist||San Francisco's 3rd||20th
|October 16, 1896 -|
October 16, 1904
|Royalist||Gold Coast's 4th||24th||October 16, 1904 -|
October 16, 1906
|Democratic-Republican||San Francisco's 1st||25th
|October 16, 1906 -|
October 16, 1922
C. C. Young
|Democratic-Republican||Santa Clara's 3rd||33rd
|October 16, 1922 -|
October 16, 1930
William Moseley Jones
|Democratic-Republican||Gold Coast's 6th||37th||October 16, 1930 -|
June 17, 1932
Gordon Hickman Gardland
|Democratic-Republican||Central Valley's 1st||37th
|June 17, 1932 -|
October 16, 1936
|Royalist||Gold Coast's 14th||40th
|October 16, 1936 -|
October 16, 1942
Charles W. Lyon
|Democratic-Republican||Gold Coast's 8th||43rd
|October 16, 1942 -|
October 16, 1948
|October 16, 1948 -|
October 16, 1954
|Democratic-Republican||Gold Coast's 2nd||49th
|October 16, 1956 -|
October 16, 1961
|Royalist||Gold Coast's 6th||52nd
|October 16, 1961 -|
May 22, 1970
|Royalist||Gold Coast's 19th||56th
|June 3, 1970 -|
October 16, 1974
|October 16, 1974 -|
October 16, 1982
|October 16, 1982 -|
October 16, 1984
|Democratic-Republican||Gold Coast's 24th||65th
|October 16, 1984 -|
October 16, 1992
|Royalist||Santa Clara's 1st||69th
|October 16, 1992 -|
October 16, 2000