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- This article is part of Project Genesis.
- This article is about the current republic and the past societies in the same region. For the formal region known as Surresia, see Greater Surresia. For the large island at the northwest tip of Surresia, see Blekr. For the body of water separating Blekr from the mainland, see Soreħotà Channel. For the continent that Surresia is located in, see Ankuria. For the languages that are endemic to Surresia, see Surresi language (Note: at the present, my sandbox contains the most developed and extensive information on the Standard Surresi Language). For more uses, see Surresia (Disambiguation).
New Surresi Republic
Lavensaa Nīth Munaar
Áal vaal Okaa bo musk wah nīth ghotte.
May the Sea Carry Us to New Lands
Location of Surresia in Ankuria
and largest city
|Official languages||Major Surresi languages, Assai, Emrit|
|Ethnic groups||Surresi, Assai Kaijin|
|1,098,119.73 km2 (423,986.40 sq mi) (Nth)|
• 5995 Ʋ estimate
|102.22/km2 (264.7/sq mi)|
|GDP (PPP)||5995 Ʋ estimate|
• Per capita
|GDP (nominal)||5995 Ʋ estimate|
• Per capita
|Gini (5995 Ʋ)||
|HDI (5995 Ʋ)||
|Currency||Surresi Verba (ᕓ) (SUV)|
|Time zone||UTC+N (TBD)|
|Date format||dd-mm-yyyy (Ʋ)|
Surresia (Standard Surresi: , Emrit: q'Lavaandaq), officially the New Surresi Republic (NSR) (Standard Surresi: ), was formed in 5839 Ʋ. Surresia is a constitutional republic composed of forty-one counties (nħaari), sixteen primary counties (senħaari) and twenty-five secondary counties (manħaari) and is located on the planet of Sabel and is the most southern country of the Ankurian continent, with the Volubilian Sea bordering the west. A prominent characteristic of Surresia is the large peninsula that makes up roughly 50 percent of its total land area, along with a large (the 6th largest island of the continent of Ankuria) island to the northwest of the tip of the Surresi Peninsula named Blekr.
The New Surresi Republic is commonly divided into three main sub-regions: Peninsular Surresia, the longer region of Surresia reaching out into the water, Northern Surresia, the sparse northern region which borders Surresia's neighboring countries, and Blekr, the largest Surresi island. Northern Surresia's "border" is generally defined by the remains of the Wall of Kren. Peninsular Surresia is seen as the continental Surresi land south of the Wall of Kren, Blekr being simply the island of Blekr composed of the two nħaari of Ånk and Ǒve. The New Surresi Republic is the 7th largest nation in Ankuria by land area, the 8th largest by population, and the 20th largest by population density.
Surresia has historically been a crossroads of culture, trade, and conflict, as well as one of the powerful maritime presences and attractors of maritime presences in the western world, making it one of the most historically rich places on Sabel. The first Surresi originated from present-day TBD, TBD, and TBD, migrating to the southwest over the Medea Mountains and eastward out of the tropical rainforest of present-day TBD.
The word "Surrệtà" was used by the natives of Blekr to refer to the island that they inhabited. After further exploration by Assai of the native Surresi territory, the word Surrệtà came to refer to the peninsular region and the land to the north of the peninsular region.
The pronunciation of "Surrệtà" gradually morphed into the name used today, Surresia, after numerous phonological changes over the millennia (the development of this pronunciation was especially heightened during the Assai occupation of Surresia) (similarly, Surrệtà gradually transformed into the modern word "Soreħotà" after numerous phonological changes due to simply the course of time and lingual cultural syncretism).
The origin of the word "Surrệtà" is believed to mean "out of the water," as various claystone tablets have been discovered bearing the word inscribed in cuneiform-style script. Notable scripts including the first instances of the use of the word Surrệtà include the Vâşşhnahávî (discovered in Peninsular Surresia, a collection of poetry accompanied by a theme that relates to the limits of man's ability to possess and conquer lands) and the Mönrävígdov (from Northern Surresia, a 17th century treaty, translated and discovered in Blekr for unknown reasons, that would divide up the northernmost regions of Surrệtà into two distinct territories assigned to the warring tribes that inhabited the island).
The name "Surrệtà" stems from the ancient Surresi phrase "sur dät raà," meaning "out of the water."
- Sur: a common nickname, specifically a shortening or abbreviation of, for Surresia. Is used nation-wide in Surresia.
- Lav: a common nickname, specifically a shortening or abbreviation of, for Lavensaa. Is used nation-wide in Surresia.
- Oðah: a nickname (commonly seen as a bastardization by other regions in the New Surresi Republic) for Surresia. This term is virtually only used in Ðolaftot.
- Fokīr: widespread in use throughout Surresia (Standard Surresi, lit. "Homeland").
- Montsoły: colloquial term used in the southern nħaari of Northern Surresia that refers to Northern Surresia. Originates from Standard Emrit and the Monbrøsur language.
- q'Lavaandaq: a distinctly Emrit term for Surresia, used for both the region and the republic.
The definition of Surresia, at its most exact, refers to the large peninsula in southeast Ankuria and the flat grasslands, foothills, and rivers of the more northern inland territory. In a political sense, this includes the island of Blekr. "Surresia" can also be used to refer to Peninsular Surresia on its own, being used conterminously. As the New Surresi Republic is a prominent power in Ankuria, neighboring nations, especially TBD and TBD, are commonly collectively included when referring to "Surresia."
The New Surresi Republic is divided into primary and secondary counties (senħaari and manħaari, respectively) and regions based on historical and geographical boundaries, historically being divided into geographical and political regions based on geography, governments, history, ethnicity, culture, and language. Within Surresia, there are five principle subregions, which are as follows:
- Blekr: The large island northwest of the tip of the Surresi Peninsula. Blekr is home to subtropical coniferous forests and marshes, and has historically been one of the greatest maritime powers on Sabel.
- Plain of Gezur: The subtropical humid grassland in the southern reaches of Peninsular Surresia.
- Şĭlghot: The subtropical humid monsoon-influenced grassland hills on the eastern coast of Surresia.
- The Ħod: The river grasslands in the region directly southeast of Cape Tuz, Ester Bay, and Cape Vilǐ.
- Monrømolag: The scorched grasslands of Northern Surresia. This region also includes the tropical rainforest at the border of Surresia and TBD and the foothills of the western side of the Medea Mountains.
Prehistory (c. -45,000 Ʋ - c. 670 Ʋ)
The progenitors to the modern Surresi people migrated to present-day Surresia from the region north of Surresia and west of the Medea Mountains as well as from the tropical rainforests of present-day TBD and TBD. These people, the Proto-Medean People and Proto-Ludic-Anic People, became gradually less ethnically distinct from genetic and cultural contact and became known as the Proto-Surresi People. The natives of Surresia lived without outside contact for roughly 500 centuries, until a fleet of Assai Kaijin explorers from the Union of the Red Circle (URC) discovered Surresia in 5523 Ʋ. The earliest archaeological artifacts found in Surresia date back to circa -21,500 Ʋ. This may entail that the peoples living in Surresia at that time had migrated there, likely from the north as remnants of human activity had been found at the beside rivers west of the Medea Mountains. Over a span of approximately 1100 years, the proto-Surresi people migrated to the south and southwest, hugging close to the eastern coast of Surresia, meandering about. The proto-Surresi peoples finally settled in the Plain of Gezur. Between circa -2070 Ʋ and circa -1870 Ʋ, proto-Surresi peoples gradually migrated to Blekr by way of the Cäçávee, a rudimentary raft-like sailing boat, the invention of which marked the beginning of Surrệtà's seagoing history.
Prehistory of Blekr (c. -39,700 Ʋ - c. 670 Ʋ)
The discovery of Blekr by the Surresi people (note: the people who settled in Blekr are known as the "Lätléin-làatus") opened up a new world of resources and innovations. Although Blekr consisted of the same kind of plains as southwest continental Surresia, there were new kinds of environments within the island which allowed new kinds of technology to be made by the Surresi. With new materials at hand, new sea vessels could be constructed such as the TBD, which allowed the Surresi at Blekr to travel at sea, although by only a few leagues from shore. Sea vessel usage across the Soreħotà Channel led to uninterrupted contact with the Surresi people on the mainland, preventing major cultural distinctness to arise
Prehistory of Peninsular Surresia (c. -40,800 Ʋ - c. 670 Ʋ)
While a number of the proto-Surresi remained in Northern Surresia, some of them migrated south. What these semi-nomadic people lacked in navigation they made up for in adaptability (seeing as how it took roughly 1100 years (around 370 years of constant travel, as the Surresi camped for 9 months a year), the Surresi likely did not have a particular destination in mind), learning to invent new forms of technology to acquire water, shelter, and food.
These people set up temporary camps at which they would stay for roughly 4.5 months before migrating further southward, reconstructing camps after 3 months. These camps, known as ghạvîểt, were constructed from clayey soil, which is characteristic of the eastern reaches of Peninsular Surresia, moistened with collected rainwater to create mud huts. Most of these mud huts, the ghạvîểt, would be built as 6'x8'x6' single-room rectangular buildings with slanted roofs, either thatched with long grass or terracotta tiles (thatched roofs are usually found deeper inland in the plains, while tiled roofs are usually found nearer to the coast, in more clay rich areas, or on larger ghạvîểt).
During droughts, which occur often in the central plains of Surresia, the Surresi used a device known as "tävgräh déìn lokīp'oor," similar in function and design to the modern hydration pack (also known as a "camel back"). Tävgräh déìn lokīp'oor were made from hare hides stitched in such a way as to create a sort of large waterproof bag, built around a frame of flexible cured saplings. A watertight seal would be created around a small hole in the "bag," and a long, hollow flexible creeper vine, easily found in the gullies scoring the plains of Surresia, would be inserted, and used as a straw. Tävgräh déìn lokīp'oor were hitched to the shoulders instead of being made with two large loops like most modern backpacks. Tävgräh déìn lokīp'oor allowed the Surresi to drink without stopping to rest, which maximized the land covered in a day, and made water storage much more efficient, as pottery would not be able to be carried easily or may break and spill their contents, so that the Surresi could carry enough water to wash, drink, and cook with.
The semi-nomadic Surresi hunted the wild hares endemic to the grasslands using atlatls and rabbit sticks. They would salt and cure the meat to preserve it, drying it in ghạvîểt encampments for jerky, or cooking stews with the hare meat and various herbs. The semi-nomadic Surresi made use of the herbs of the grasslands, adding them to meals and wounds and preparing them properly to remedy illnesses.
The Settlers of Peninsular Surresia
Prehistory of Northern Surresia (c. -45,000 Ʋ - c. 670 Ʋ)
After the migration over the Medea Mountains and from the TBD, the Proto-Surresi People settled at the fork of the River Monvørg. These people are known as the Monbrøvus, and they developed quite differently from the rest of the Surresi natives. The Monbrøvus used neolithic tools for roughly 38,000 years, and archaeological surveys by the archaeological department of the University of Ǒve have found many of these tools, including arrowheads, celts, scythes, and digging sticks. The Monbrøvus were also likely the first humans to invent cordage, the earliest record of which dating back to circa -43,200 Ʋ; 20,700 years ahead of recorded appearances of cordage elsewhere. These Surresi of the north provided the invention of cordage to the Surresi that later migrated south.
Antiquity (c. 670 Ʋ - 4903 Ʋ)
Main article: Antiquity Period in Surresia. See also: The Monrømat Empire, The Great Surresi War of 638 Ʋ, The Great Surresi Plague, Vriséssa, Sevriséssa, Conquests of Sevriséssa, Free States of Surresia of Antiquity, Tǫrtuz Confederacy, Surresification, Surresification of the Tǫrtuz Confederacy, Golden Age of Tǫrtuz, Konavok, Ssernasasekêvi Rush of 1555 Ʋ, Fragmentation of the Tǫrtuz Confederacy, Montøsk-Tǫrtuz-Karnyaba War, Revolutions in the Karnyaba States, The Montøsk Revolution of 1781 Ʋ, Vuuk the Conqueror, Vuukot, Intermediate Period, Pedum I, Tunik'kepl, Đerdekin, Skanimgit, Yuvonghot,
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History of Surresia
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The beginning of the Antiquity period of Surresia is generally seen as the rise of the Monrømat Empire in circa 670 Ʋ, and, to a lesser extent, the beginning of two trans-regional trade systems.
The Monrømat Empire
Monrømat I, also known as "Monrømat the Snake" and Harr'kul Dyvglesí, was the son of the petty king Harr'var Dyvglesí. Harr'kul Dyvglesí secretly plotted to murder his father, at which he succeeded by lacing his father's afternoon barley-beer with an unknown species of mushroom. Monrømat I ascended the throne in circa 664 Ʋ and began heavily militarizing the patch of land he governed. He quickly conquered the neighboring kingdoms, hiring and training those he conquered instead of simply slaughtering them. Through this tactic he quickly gained the loyalty of his armies, attracting many people to join him to enjoy the same living conditions that the other soldiers enjoyed. Within the span of three years, Monrømat I had conquered then unified two-thirds of present day Northern Surresia under a highly centralized government. The news of this reached Blekr and the petty kingdoms of the Plain of Gezur, which promptly made arrangements for peace. Monrømat I sent ambassadors to Blekr and the Plain of Gezur to communicate his desire to not war against them. Arrangements for peace were made, leaving many petty kings unsatisfied with the conditions of the treaties and quickly hushed by the superior forces under the command of Monrømat I. Monrømat I set about reinforcing trade by ordering the accommodation of Lätléin-làatus merchants and the creation of paved roads spanning Peninsular Surresia, the latter of which never came about under any ruler of the Monrømat Empire.
In 676 Ʋ, Monrømat I died, leaving his empire to his son Monrømat II. Monrømat II reigned from 676 Ʋ to 699 Ʋ. His notable achievements included the conquering of the rest of Northern Surresia and the creation of a naval corps in Blekr.
When Monrømat II died, his two sons, Vïlir and Mòlor, quarreled over who had rightful ownership of the empire. Fearing a bloody civil war, a relatively powerful petty king of the Plain of Gezur who was previously governed by Monrømat II arranged the Council of Hafñặ. Yib, the aforementioned petty king, intended for the council to leave one brother a conductor of military affairs and the other a conductor of economic, legislative, etc. affairs. The Council of Hafñặ ended in Vïlir's lordship over Northern Surresia and Mòlor's lordship over Blekr and Peninsular Surresia. Mòlor chose to give Blekr partial autonomy over its affairs.
Vïlir returned to Northern Surresia, which is seen as the rest of the true Monrømat Empire at that time. Mòlor, made his home at Divǐ Keh, Yib's kingdom, making Divǐ Keh the center of governmental affairs in Mòlor's empire (the Kingdom of the Southern Sun). Mòlor cut off communication and trade with the remaining Monrømat Empire, his brother reacting accordingly by ordering the construction of the Wall of Kren, an eight-foot tall and 3-foot thick adobe wall, topped by iron spikes and sharpened wooden stakes, separating the Monrømat Empire from the Kingdom of the Southern Sun.
When Mòlor died in 638 Ʋ, Vïlir, taking advantage of the weakened state of the Kingdom of the Southern Sun, sent a 20,000-strong army to Divǐ Keh in the Battle of Kren. A military sea-port held by Blekr, located at Cape Tuz, sent a fleet of warships to intercept the Monrømat army, which was hugging the eastern coast of the Surresi Peninsula. Stormy weather accompanied the voyage, and one-third of the warships were lost. Nonetheless, Vïlir's army was intimidated by the arrival of the ships. The two armies battled, beginning with arrows from the sea which could not be countered by Vïlir's army. The warships foolishly sacrificed their advantage by landing, and they were soon stormed and burned by Vïlir's army. Once Vïlir's army, now 16,000-strong, reached the petty kingdoms, any enemy was either too afraid and surrendered or was too weak to weaken Vïlir's army significantly. Fearing death or enslavement, many people in the Kingdom of the Southern Sun fled to the Southern Ocean in search of new lands, and many Surresi believe to this day that the fugitives indeed reached a new land. As a last resort, Yib's 14 year-old son, Kovem, was put on the throne. Kovem was able to unite many of the remaining petty kingdoms, as the kings were too afraid of the consequences. The combined forces of the petty kings were able to kill Vïlir and his army. Kovem stayed on the throne and Vïlir's wife, Mïnekō, took power over the Monrømat Empire.
Mïnekō ruled with an iron fist, rooting out those who opposed her. Kovem ruled more benevolently and fortified commerce throughout the Kingdom of the Southern Sun. He ruled for 59 years, dying in 697 Ʋ. Before his death, he arranged for his three sons (Åvrin, Lukrof, and Roth'vi) and two daughters (Gilyạ and Vadha) to lord over predetermined territories, governing by approval of their siblings instead of autonomously. Mïnekō had since died in 682 Ʋ, leaving her country under the control of her son and daughter, Ranç and Êbo. Ranç and Êbo became the king and queen of the Monrømat Empire. In 701 Ʋ, the rulers of the north and the south formed an alliance, the Alliance of Brotherhood, and coalesced.
In 703 Ʋ, the Great Surresi Plague (Lutum pestis) (Standard Surresi, Rasavoluk tovikul), under unknown circumstances, spread from Cape Tuz and across all of Surresia, bleeding further into neighboring present-day nations such as TBD, TBD, TBD, and TBD. The plague induced masses of blisters over the thorax, as well as cysts that, when burst, would spread infection, and various complications leading to liver and kidney failure. The effects were seen throughout the southeastern regions of of Ankuria, most greatly of which in Surresia, especially Blekr and Cape Tuz
In the Principality of Surrệtà, a sovereign state formed under the conditions of the Alliance of Brotherhood, known now as the island of Blekr, tension peaked in the summer of 704 Ʋ, after only three years of independence, and the island broke into three kingdoms: The Villiâ, The Böltar, and the Great Kingdom of Surrệtà. The Villiâ invaded Desdo in 705 Ʋ, raiding the food stores. The Böltar and Great Kingdom of Surrệtà did not take this act well, declaring war on The Villiâ. The king of The Villiâ, Brialī, fled to the mythical islands in the Southern Ocean, the Isles of Ðule, where many previous voyages had ended in peril. The Villiâ was absorbed by The Böltar and Great Kingdom of Surrệtà.
When the Alliance of Brotherhood dissolved in 705 Ʋ after each ruler had died, the newly formed petty kingdoms on the mainland squabbled with each other, some absorbing their neighbors and growing larger while some shrank. In 708 Ʋ, the TBD grew to great size, threatening to conquer all of Peninsular Surresia. The king of the TBD, TBD, forced tribute from the neighboring kingdoms. When TBD died in 711 Ʋ, the TBD was invaded, and the Partition of the Veletär was signed to preserve the unity created under the rule of TBD. As Northern Surresia fell into chaos among political and religious tension and the Plague began to gradually subside, the four kingdoms that had been formed under the Partition of the Veletäx began to arrange the reuniting of Peninsular Surresia. Within the span of two years, however, one of these kingdoms, Bästrų, succumbed to intense internal conflict and fractured into several small kingdoms, of which one of the new kingdoms would wreak havoc on the Great Kingdom of Surrệtà (which had recently conquered The Böltar) and Peninsular Surresia. This new superpower, Vriséssa, managed to conquer Blekr and the mainland up to the Wall of Kren. Vriséssa was a monarchy, however, the king acted in accordance with the word of Rah, which was enforced by the high priests in the kingdom to assure that the king stayed true to the law of Rah. After three years, Vriséssa had survived the Great Surresi Plague.
Surresia under Vriséssa and Sevriséssa
The Vriséssan empire spanned the island of Blekr and the Surresi Peninsula, up to the Wall of Kren. By 736 Ʋ, the Monbrøvus refugee population within Vriséssa had peaked, making up roughly 12 percent of the population. By this time, Vriséssa had planned an invasion of the kingdoms of the north. The warring kingdoms in the north had become extremely tense and confused from religious and political tension. The expert army of Vriséssa defeated the kingdom guarding the mouth of the River Monvørg, freeing it and allowing the passage of Blekr warships. The volleys of arrows from the naval force expertly brought down the riverside settlements.
The news of this reached the Kingdom of Arvit, the largest and most powerful force of Northern Surresia. The Kingdom of Arvit requested an alliance, which Vriséssa promptly accepted. The two forces brought down the remaining kingdoms of the north over a four-year campaign.
In 742 Ʋ, two years after Sevriséssa (The name of the Arvit-Vriséssa Confederacy, lit. "Large Vriséssa") had absorbed the remaining petty kingdoms of Northern Surresia, Sevriséssa began to expand further into Ankuria, through the modern-day countries of TBD, TBD, and TBD to the east in order to bypass the Medea Mountains, as well as expanding into present-day [TBD_PLACEHOLDER_1] and TBD, threatening to invade modern-day Eskea. The powers in modern-day TBD, the southern gateway to Eskea, defied military expansion by Sevriséssa, denying Eskea to Surresi terrestrial forces throughout the rest of history. In 787 Ʋ, Sevriséssa found a new imperial quarry in the island of TBD south of present-day TBD, eventually withdrawing occupation in 792 Ʋ due to lack of resources, seeing the island as "devoid of wealth," as explained in the "Sevriséssa Overseas Taxation:"
Vín Ovol-aab do viin Lat Vàin vos i kul açek vųs lat viin än onīk vidoy'em vos vet.
The Island of the Last sun is not fruitful, and it was not a necessary or prudent form of expenditure upon our part.
|— "Sevriséssa Overseas Taxation", (c. 786)|
Fall of Sevriséssa
In response to the religious conflicts that were growing in Sevriséssa, Ųtusahvriv'kul (the king of Sevriséssa at the time) ordered the forced conversion of the pagans to the Roma faith, the dominant religion in Surresia at the time, from 969 Ʋ to 1022 Ʋ. While most of the non-Surresi people were intended at first to be converted, many were outright slaughtered. The agents of Ųtusahvriv'kul rooted out non-Surresi, indiscriminately converting and torturing them regardless of whether they were of the Roma faith or not. Sections of towns in which the foreigners were segregated became the sites of secret plots to end this persecution, sometimes ending in the foreigners' districts being burned down, sometimes along with the rest of the towns, and sometimes ending in the elimination of Roma agents.
By the 11th century Ʋ, Sevriséssa had become infested with dozens of territories that had declared independence, their dependence either determined by battles, continued failed captures by Sevriséssa, or simply the refusal by Sevriséssa to take any action on such seemingly insignificant patches of land, the latter of which being a grievous mistake by Sevriséssa. As these independent states grew in size and number, Sevriséssa had erupted into a state of rampant chaos and terrorism. By 1020 Ʋ, the free states had come to dominate nearly two-thirds of the land Sevriséssa had previously controlled. Many free states united, sometimes even between different and opposing faiths and, Ųtusahvriv'kul having been assassinated by a Monbrøvus royal adviser, Sevriséssa fell under complete anarchy. The free states mostly united, some previously united states breaking their alliances due to opposing faiths and no longer needing military assistance as the threat had been eliminated, while some states stayed independent from their rebellious brethren. The Tǫrtuz Confederacy, one of the most powerful of the free states, invited the remaining terrified Surresi to settle within its borders, many of the free states following suit, perhaps in fear of angering the Tǫrtuz superpower, although many free states denied similar hospitality.
Surresi assimilation in the Tǫrtuz Confederacy
Through the 11th to the 12th century Ʋ, the various native Surresi ethnic groups came to accept their foreign-blooded overlords. As various states' tensions faded and various state's apathy grew into tension, portions of the Tǫrtuz Confederacy (which had become larger in the 11th century Ʋ due to its allies' merging into the Tǫrtuz Confederacy) coalesced into portions of the opposing states while some either conquered or were conquered by the opposing states. By the mid-twelfth century Ʋ, tensions had mostly faded, creating a medley of religions and ethnicities within Surresia, although some states still held bitter apprehensions toward each other or the Surresi. Under this new cosmopolitan environment, the Surresi had generally become accepted, some even inducted into high political roles such as royal advisers.
In 1169 Ʋ, The Grode, a small anti-Surresi state on the eastern coast of the Surresi Peninsula, officially and openly declared war on the Tǫrtuz Confederacy. Terrorists hailing from The Grode succeeded in the destruction of the Sev'Ohvak, a historic Surresi monument, among other sites of importance to the natives. In his own rage, as well as in order to placate the Surresi, the ruler of the Tǫrtuz Confederacy, Benewa IV, prepared to invade The Grode and eliminate the source of his current trouble. Seeing a chance to carry out their goal in killing off the Surresi, nearly every anti-Surresi state declared open war upon the Tǫrtuz Confederacy. The Tǫrtuz forces, eager to finally engage in battle, swiftly tore through the enemy states. The few remaining states after the carnage proposed treaties, however Tǫrtuz crushed them likewise. In 1173 Ʋ, two months after the end of the conflict, Benewa IV began to rebuild the infrastructure of the annexed states, as well as building and rebuilding temples for the Surresi natives.
Surresification of the Tǫrtuz Confederacy
From the 13th to the 16th century Ʋ, the Tǫrtuz Confederacy was at its height. At this time, the Tǫrtuz Confederacy began to yield further to Surresi cultural influence, and, to a lesser extent, the Surresi yielded to the foreign cultures of their superiors. This period, the Golden Age of Tǫrtuz, marked a period where Surresi and other southeastern Ankurian cultures melded within Surresia, giving rise to the first major instance of the introduction of foreign cultural convergence (the evidence of this can be found in many non-native aspects of modern Surresi culture). Among some of the most notable examples of cultural convergence during this period include the Roma faith's adoption of foreign doctrines, traditions, etc. Among these changes were technological advancements, notably within the realm of metallurgy. The Surresi gained access to new methods of smithing and new metals and alloys.
The Konavok (lit. "Victorious Age") lasted from the early 13th to the early 16th century Ʋ, during the time of cultural syncretism in the Tǫrtuz Confederacy. The Konavok was the period of time when the Tǫrtuz Confederacy was at its peak. During the Konavok, art, music, and culture flourished, leading to a surplus of wealth. The Tǫrtuz Confederacy was the cultural, economic, and political center of Ankuria during this time. Agriculture developed greatly with the invention of the Hofnalar (a farming implement similar to a plow, pushed along fields by wheels), and the Plain of Gezur became renowned throughout southeastern Ankuria for its fertile and bountiful fields of TBD that grew there.
Discovery of Alum at Mount Șernasa
In the mid-16th century Ʋ, the mineral alum (known as "ssenalasakvol" in Surresia during Surresi antiquity, today is known as "ssernasasekêvi" and "sahkogolz") was discovered in the Medea Mountains at Mount Ssernasa in the modern-day manħaar of Olv-do-gölsur. The market in the rest of the Tǫrtuz Confederacy had high demand for Ssernasa alum (for use as a dyeing mordant, specifically for red dye), leading many entrepreneurs to attempt to hold a monopoly on the alum market by taking control of Mount Ssernasa. From 1554-1556 Ʋ, the village of Montøsk in modern-day Olv-do-gölsur successfully took hold of the western base of Mount Ssernasa. Fearing that Montøsk would gain a monopoly on Ssernasa alum and withhold it from Surresi markets, the Tǫrtuz Confederacy sent troops to reinstate the government-managed mining operations. After having resisted multiple attempts to retake the mountain, Montøsk sent its own villagers to take over neighboring villages. Allying with foreign trading partners, the Tǫrtuz Confederacy was forced into submission. At this point, Montøsk encompassed a long, yet narrow, strip of land encompassing the modern-day nħaari of Croce, the northernmost portion of ezh'Diłaan, and eastern and northern portions of Olv-do-gölsur, along with the south easternmost strip of land of the modern-day nation of TBD and a small portion of the westernmost region of modern-day TBD.
Fragmentation of the Tǫrtuz Confederacy
With the prosperity of the Tǫrtuz Confederacy languishing under the Montøsk monopoly on Ssernasa alum, numerous Tǫrtuz villages and towns severed ties with the Tǫrtuz Confederacy to coalesce with Montøsk to share the wealth and power begotten by the highly lucrative Ssernasa alum trade. Usually, this was achieved through immigration into Montøsk while some communities declared independence altogether to seek alliances or citizenship under Montøsk. Many of these self-proclaimed "independent" Surresi communities were acknowledged and accepted into Montøsk, although some were seen unworthy and rejected. In response to this treachery, the Tǫrtuz Confederacy tightened its grip upon its remaining land to prevent additional secession, leading to general oppression and rebellion within Tǫrtuz communities. By 1594 Ʋ, Montøsk had advanced and taken control of all of the Surresi land north of the northern border of the modern-day nħaar of Tsaika-aré. By 1611 Ʋ, the Tǫrtuz Confederacy had been reduced to a territory comprised of modern-day Cape Tuz and Sesi'hósur and the island of Blekr, with roughly twenty-six political entities having declared independence, seventeen of which unaffiliated with Montøsk (these seventeen territories being known as: Āgar, Aap-mina, Dħur'minaverok, Faas'yiderok, Sinmigotvera, Gim, Huver, Ila Minvase, Kungotvera, Minyoyuhol, Ne'usin, Nusin, Revolak, Rasa'sin, Roderz, Volsase-gunih and Sevehma). These seventeen political entities (collectively referred to as the Karnyaba states) which either had sought no affiliation with Montøsk or were permitted no affiliation by Montøsk became enemies of the rapidly declining Tǫrtuz Confederacy and of Montøsk.
As the alum markets became saturated and trade became less and less profitable for Montøsk, the mutual conflict between Montøsk, Tǫrtuz, and the Karnyaba states peaked in the summer of 1623 Ʋ, reaching a state of open war. The Montøsk-Tǫrtuz-Karnyaba War was a series of land-based and naval battles over the course of ten years, usually limited to between two of the three belligerents, although several battles, including the Battle at Kuun, were fought by all three forces simultaneously. Heavy losses were seen on all sides, the greatest of which being seen by the Tǫrtuz Confederacy and, to a lesser extent, Montøsk. The war resulted in decisive Montøsk-Karnyaba victory, with the victors signing a number of treaties in order to instate orderly and peaceful conditions throughout Greater Surresia. These treaties also divided the conquered Tǫrtuz land between Karnyaba and Montøsk, in addition to returning the Montøsk territory conquered by Karnyaba to Montøsk and vice versa.
Corruption of the Karnyaba States and Montøsk
In the early eighteenth century Ʋ, the meritocracies of the Karnyaba states (fourteen of which remaining after the Montøsk-Tǫrtuz-Karnyaba War) and, in the mid-eighteenth century Ʋ, the economic technocracy of Montøsk began to become corrupt.
Corruption of the Karnyaba States
As the Karnyaba states' meritocracies became more and more corrupt, new rulers were reinstated in response to the protesting populaces. The new rulers proved to go down the same path as the previous rulers, and the governments were rigorously revised and revamped. Many of the people of the Karnyaba states secretly fled to Montøsk and other southeastern Ankurian powers.
Corruption of Montøsk
As the economic technocracy of Montøsk became gradually more corrupt, greater numbers of citizens were "drafted" into the alum mines in Mount Ssernasa. This increase in required workers was due to the saturation of the Ssernasa alum market in southern Ankuria and the lower prices at which Ssernasa alum was purchased because of this. The technocrats that ruled were those best suited to managing production, and thus were lacking in other sections of economic activity. These deficiencies were the main contributors to the unrest incited in the workers, largely being inhumane environments, low salaries, etc. Government crackdowns on mining output and alum refining were enforced to maximise production, all leading to general distress throughout Montøsk.
Revolutions in the Karnyaba States and Montøsk
The mid-eighteenth century Ʋ saw the beginning of numerous rebellions in Karnyaba and Montøsk, many of which toppled the old governments instated.
Revolutions in the Karnyaba States
Wearying of the ineptitude of the rulers in power, the people of the Karnyaba States launched a series of revolts from 1748 Ʋ through 1777 Ʋ. Ten of the seventeen Karnyaba States threw off old leadership by 1777 Ʋ, these being: Aap-mina (meritocracy to timocracy), Dħur'minaverok (meritocracy to bureaucracy), Faas'yiderok (meritocracy to kraterocracy), Gha-ervis (meritocracy to timocracy), Ne'usin (meritocracy to geniocracy), Nusin (meritocracy to noocracy), Revolak (meritocracy to meritocracy), Rasa'sin (meritocracy to kritarchy), Roderz (meritocracy to aristocracy), and Sevehma (meritocracy to aristocracy).
Revolution in Montøsk
By 1751 Ʋ, the people of Montøsk had begun to openly protest the unjust treatment they received from their corrupt and mismanaged government. Montøsk had been spending more money than it received, and the Montøsk's debt was no longer able to be paid off by the alum trade. In a desperate bid for capital, Montøsk began to sell off small portions of land to foreign governments and entrepreneurs for alum prospecting. When these small portions of land happened to have villages built upon them, the inhabitants were sometimes secretly captured and sold to the buyers of the land as mining slaves. On some occasions, inhabitants not sold were abducted anyway by the land-buyers. Witnesses to this act (escaped slaves, lookouts from neighboring settlements, and Surresi people that escaped mass abductions through hiding) declassified the covert slave trade to the Montøsk public, further fueling the protests, leading to more openly violent action on both sides of the revolt. With the technocracy desperately striving for control and the people becoming unruly, violent, and unproductive, along with mass incarcerations and mass executions, Montøsk's government could do little to preserve itself. In its weakened state, Montøsk's government was torn down in 1781 Ʋ and a monarchic kraterocratic unitary state, Vuukot, was put into place under the rule of revolution leader Vuuk the Conqueror (Standard Surresi: Ron'dāmek Vuuk).
Military campaigns by Vuukot
When Montøsk was replaced by Vuukot in 1781 Ʋ, Vuuk the Conqueror immediately consolidated power and resources within Vuukot. When Vuuk the Conqueror had strengthened his state to the point he saw satisfactory, he invaded the three Karnyaba States of Roderz, Sevehma, and Sinmigotvera to the south. These states were conquered quickly and with ease due to the prevailing chaotic conditions due to the ongoing revolt in Sinmigotvera and the aftermath of the revolts in Roderz and Sevehma.
In 1784 Ʋ, three months after his successful campaign in Roderz, Sevehma, and Sinmigotvera, Vuuk the Conqueror captured the small northeastern strip of land (salient) of the Karnyaba state of Ila Minvase. Having already realized the threat posed by Vuukot to it, Ila Minvase had attempted to mobilize troops into its northeast reaches, but failed to do so in the disorderly environment brought upon by the recent attempted rebellion against its meritocracy. Unable to control its military and people, Ila Minvase was unable to defend against its invader and fell in 1785 Ʋ to Vuukot and the neighboring states of Minyoyuhol and Āgar.
Desiring the to capture the land lost to the latter, Vuuk the Conqueror dispatched an army for Āgar in the winter of 1785 Ʋ under the command of one of his generals, Yétīv (Standard Surresi: Êtor'dāmek Yétīv). Yétīv's army was intercepted by a formation of Āgar phalanges and Yétīv was decisively defeated. At this time, most of the Karnyaba States had realized the great threat posed by Vuukot, and some formed alliances with each other, two such alliance being between Āgar and Faas'yiderok and Āgar with Minyoyuhol. Under these alliances, Āgar was able to beat back the borders of Vuukot and capture the remainder of former Ila Minvase along with Sevehma. After this, Minyoyuhol broke its ties with Āgar.
Not content with its current extent and having been forced to recoil upon itself, Vuukot launched a maritime invasion of the Karnyaba state of Kungotvera on the island of Blekr in 1789 Ʋ despite the disapproval of its citizens. Vuuk the Conqueror had observed the tenuous grip that Kungotvera had managed to control its populace during its long state of rebellion and was intent on taking possession of a strong port city at Cape Ħus'fuse with which to not trade but launch his maritime attacks and possess a base of naval operations during his military campaigns.
During the summer of 1789 Ʋ, a monsoon devastated the Kungotvera campaign which had been in the favor of Vuukot until then. The weakened state of Vuukot's navy and progress in Kungotvera due to the monsoon was observed by Rasa'sin. Rasa'sin's semi-exclave of Rasa'sindaa on the island of Blekr was transformed into a military base to defend against attacks by Vuukot on bordering states and Rasa'sin itself. The summer of 1790 Ʋ saw the withdraw of Vuuk the Conqueror from the island of Blekr, but not of the havoc wreaked that had been wreaked upon Kungotvera, Rasa'sindaa, and, to a lesser extent, Nusin and Ne'usin.
In 1792 Ʋ, a small outbreak of Rasavoluk tovikul (remnants of the Great Surresi Plague) occurred in northern Vuukot, resulting in the death of Vuuk the Conqueror, who was around the age of 46 at the time, in the second year of the plague. Vuuk's only child, his son Kudaa, was put on the throne.
Rather than continue his father's unfinished conquests in the Karnyaba States, Kudaa set his sights to the northwest towards present-day Eskea, TBD, and [TBD_PLACEHOLDER_1]. But, unlike Vuuk, Kudaa heeded the distress of his people and relinquished his imperial aspirations.
Kudaa directed his efforts toward internal affairs, managing resources, commerce, defenses, etc. During this time, most of the Karnyaba States which had not succeeded in bringing their revolutions to fruition collapsed and were absorbed by bordering states. Apart from this, relations between the Karnyaba States remained generally neutral or benevolent.
When Kudaa died in 1845 Ʋ, Vuukot was left in a state of relative wealth and prosperity and Kudaa's oldest son inherited the throne; onward from this point until the TBD Invasion of Surresia is known as the "Intermediate Period."
Kudaa's oldest son, Pedum I, continued his father's legacy and reformed the government of Vuukot. Pedum I, pressured by officials and the common people, transformed Vuukot into a constitutional monarchic unitary state under the terms of the Tunik'kepl, a document limiting the powers of the monarch and requiring the monarch to have a body of advisers to criticize his actions, as well as instating laws stating forced labor minimization, tax balance, etc.
During the Intermediate Period, Vuukot entered into a golden age; a state of relative economic, agricultural, and cultural prosperity and peace.
The Intermediate Period also saw a numerous small migrations by the native Surresi northward, skirting around the western side of the Medea Mountains, and into the steppes and hot desert of present-day TBD. Some of these migrants settled here, and, in early 20th century Ʋ, Pedum III made an effort to establish a colony on the ecotone between the southern steppe (Standard Surresi: Ska-Faaderêghot) and the desert of TBD (Standard Surresi: Ska-Fiẉderghot). This colony, Đerdekin, became an important center for leather trade within Vuukot and with several of the remaining Karnyaba States. By circa 1965 Ʋ, roughly seven more settlements had been founded in the steppe, ecotone, and desert.
These settlers of the TBD steppes and the TBD desert, known as the Đerdzekur, later developed a more distinct cultural independence (notably during the Intermediate Period famine and during and after the TBD Invasion of Surresia, which marked the end of the Intermediate Period in Antiquity period Surresia), including major linguistic, culinary, and other cultural divergences.
In 1977 Ʋ, a famine brought upon by a major outbreak of a new strain of Rasavoluk tovikul swept across present-day Surresia, TBD, TBD, TBD, TBD, and TBD, and later, and to a lesser extent, into present-day TBD, devastating the Ska-Faaderêghot settlements. This famine compelled some to attempt migrations to the Isles of Đule and to present-day TBD, and some made journeys to the then-uncharted northern border of the TBD Desert.
During this famine, the Đerdzekur became increasingly disconnected from the people of the humid grasslands of Vuukot and the forests of Blekr. The famine began to subside in the Ska-Faaderêghot and in the Ska-Fiẉderghot, yet the famine and plague still prevailed on the other side of the TBD [note for later: hill range separating Andrew's country from the Eskea passage desert country] (Standard Surresi: Finfor Skuumamaz). This more prosperous situation in the Ska-Faaderêghot and Ska-Fiẉderghot led to a feeling of independence from Vuukot and the Đerdzekur began to disregard the farming quotas (crop and animal product quotas had been instated in Ska-Faaderêghot and Ska-Fiẉderghot due to the more successful food production due to the weakened presence of the plague there) and secretly store grain and jerky. Unable to control the more powerful colony to the north, Pedum V was forced to release his grip on Ska-Faaderêghot and Ska-Fiẉderghot in 1983 Ʋ. The colony named itself Skanimgit and united the settlements of Ska-Faaderêghot and Ska-Fiẉderghot. As many of the Đerdzekur began migrating northwards and into the fabled "Land of Gold" (Standard Surresi: Yuvonghot), the territory of Skanimgit grew. In 1987 Ʋ the famine plague had subsided, and, in circa 1993 Ʋ, Đerdzekur explorers had settled in present-day TBD, Yuvonghot, and adapted to the harsh alpine climate of it.
At this point, Skanimgit had grown to a span of TBD square kilometers, encompassing modern-day TBD, TBD, and the eastern half of TBD, leading to restless relations with the empires of present-day Eskea.
In 2004 Ʋ, numerous Karnyaba States suffered sudden massively catastrophic power collapses. At this point, only three Karnyaba States remained, these being Rasa'sin, Minyoyuhol, and Dħur'minaverok. Vuukot acquired a portion of the northernmost fallen Karnyaba States. Rasa'sin controlled the island of Blekr and a swath of land of the southern Ħod including Cape Tuz, Minyoyuhol had conquered the present-day nħaari of Şĭlghot and Ðolaftot, and Dħur'minaverok governed the Plain of Gezur and the southern half of the geographic Şĭlghot.
In 2008 Ʋ, Minyoyuhol entered its First Silence (Standard Surresi: Gisk Nahlot Ðolaftot), a nationwide isolationist policy. The First Silence banned and ceased all trade or communication with other nations and instated a feudal government that assigned numerous petty lords (Standard Surresi: TBD) to small plots of land to govern the locals and manage agricultural labor and production. These petty lords were made to swear fealty to the monarch, or TBD (Standard Surresi: TBD), in order to ensure political stability and peace within.
In the summer of 2011 Ʋ, fleets from Rasa'sin returned to and colonized the island of TBD, which had been previously colonized by Sevriséssa in 787 Ʋ and eventually withdrawn from in 792 Ʋ. The island, known as Ovdav-Lađén by the people of Rasa'sin, proved to be a vital military and trade port and military outpost, as well as a highly productive range for Bithre farmers. In less than seventy-five years, the Bithre farming ranges had become well-known by the ruler of Rasa'sin and he supported this agricultural activity and integrated it into the internal economy activities of Vuukot, and he encouraged the import of Lätléin-làatus slaves to Ovdav-Lađén for the breeding, raising, slaughtering, etc. of Bithre.
By the late 21st century Ʋ, Vuukot had begun preparing to build up an empire and entered a war with Rasa'sin for Blekr and Ovdav-Lađén and with Skanimgit for Ska-Faaderêghot and the Finfor Skuumamaz. In 2112 Ʋ, Vuukot launched an invasion of Ovdav-Lađén to take over the Bithre economy and the island. Despite Rasa'sin's large and powerful military presence at Ovdav-Lađén, Pedum IX conquered the island with ease, which earned him his title of De'kark (trans. "Mighty"). The majority of the survivors on the island were enslaved, some remaining on Ovdav-Lađén and some being shipped to mainland Vuukot. These acts led to extreme anti-Vuukot sentiments and relations within Rasa'sin.
Later, in 2124 Ʋ, Pedum IX's army crossed the Finfor Skuumamaz and invaded Ska-Faaderêghot in 2125 Ʋ. Repelled by the Đerdzekur forces of the city of Đerdekin, Pedum IX laid siege upon Đerdekin and eventually captured it in 2127 Ʋ. A portion of Pedum IX's army remained at Vuukot while he crossed the Finfor Skuumamaz with another portion of his army. Pedum IX contracted a fever during his journey over the Finfor Skuumamaz and died, leaving no heirs. A descendant of Kudaa's middle child, his son Röter, Tųgveg, ascended Pedum IX's throne in 2120 Ʋ after withstanding numerous conflicts over claims to being the rightful heir. During the time between the reign of Pedum IX and Tųgveg, Ovdav-Lađén seized its opportunity to revolt against Vuukot, not only the slaves rebelling but most other inhabitants as well.
Tųgveg, who was not a powerful military leader, was unable to direct efforts to maintain the grip Vuukot had held on Đerdekin and Vuukot's forces in Đerdekin were slaughtered by the local Đerdzekur peoples.
As tension began to rise under Tųgveg's reign of ineptitude, some of those who lived in Vuukot began to emigrate to nearby nations. Fearing the worst, Tųgveg's body of royal advisers led a coup d'état in 2122 Ʋ.
These royal advisers became the rulers of Vuukot and formed an aristocratic unitary state. The new rulers of Vuukot began systematically suppressing any documentation of illegitimacy or rebellious actions to prevent questioning or overthrow of the new governmental system in place, however these efforts failed.
The TBD Invasion of Vuukot and Skanimgit
In 2125 Ʋ, the TBD of TBD in present-day Sartak overthrew the Skanimgit occupation's forces through organized underground efforts. Many of the former Surresi citizens of Skanimgit remained in present-day Sartak, however they were extremely oppressed and persecuted. The small percentage of ousted Đerdzekur people took refuge in the north of the present-day nħaari of Croce where they assimilated into the local Monbrøvus society, eventually birthing the Vaoxát Empire.
Classical Period (4903 Ʋ - 5523 Ʋ)
History of New Syon (5523 Ʋ - 5839 Ʋ)
Surresia was historically colonized by the Union of the Red Circle during Assai's Golden Age in the early 56th century Ʋ when its burgeoning wealth led it to colonize various regions of Ankuria and the Eastern Vespian Islands. The Assai Kaijin fleet, the "Zhansat," which discovered Blekr, was a moderately sized group of ships. The fleet consisted of 2 Remárs (a sailing ship similar to a Shallop, but much larger and boasting sails suited better for long voyages) and 13 accompanying Kohłzats (sail ships similar a Barque). Shortly before landfall, the crew of one of the Remárs sighted the natives of Blekr, the Lätléin-làatus, fishing in their boats. The captain of this Remár, Hjartus Khanree, wrote in his log:
|“||The crew has caught sight of savages upon the sea, aided by boats. No sight of land has been made, yet the savages surely indicate the presence of land. Two of the boats, one crewed by two savages, the other three, have approached us. They were shot by the crew, although I had not given the order yet.||”|
|— "Log of Hjartus Khanree, September 27, 5523 Ʋ" from "Log of Hjartus Khanree" (5523 Ʋ)|
Four Year's War
Main Article: Four Year's War
Culling of the Savlö
Main Article: Culling of the Sevlo
Wearying of the languid agricultural output and of the restlessness among the Surresi natives, the URC organized a systematic method in 5837 Ʋ of solving the agricultural problem. This solution involved the "collection" of the sick, elderly, disabled, and many others of those unable to work, and transferring them to various camps in Northern Surresia where, in 5839 Ʋ when the collection "quota" had been reached, the Sevlo (the Yêrsur word for "weak") were marched to the foothills further north.
The Sevlo were executed in swift, orderly succession at the foothills. The Sevlo casualties numbered roughly 98,000 according to archaeological surveys by the archaeological department of the University of Ǒve, although many Sevlo were able to escape. The Assai Kaijin expected this, and set to employ the scorched earth tactic on a massive scale, dispersing flammable liquids and powders such as kerosene, gunpowder, and nitrocellulose powder, over the borders of Northern Surresia, the drought and late-winter weather aiding in burning the grasslands. The massive scale on which this unorthodox military strategy had been conducted places it among the list of Sabel's fifty worst disasters.
Battle of Monvørg
Main Article: Battle of Monvørg
The Battle of Monvørg was fought near the southern bank of the River Monvørg, roughly half a kilometer northwest of present-day Kémonvévi, between the army there under the command of the Union of the Red Circle and the native Surresi on May 23rd, 5839 Ʋ. The battle was the result of protest against the URC's occupation and its recently employed scorched earth tactic, an action despicable enough to cause large amounts of the subjugated Surresi to rise up and gain enough numbers to successfully escape their masters, murdering them and burning down their homes.
A large number of Surresia's natives marched northward toward New ezh'Sy, the primary political and military headquarters and capital of New Syon, numbering nearly 260,000 former slaves led by Mulót Nïvaam. Armed with farming implements and their former Assai Kaijin masters' weapons, the Surresi quickly overcame the TBD and its defenses, disabling the political, military, and symbolic center of the URC's occupation. The news of this feat reached the rest of New Syon despite the URC's efforts, inspiring still-enslaved Surresi natives to revolt. The chaos ensuing forced the Assai Kaijin to finally withdraw after 316 years of uninterrupted occupation.
History of the New Surresi Republic (5839 Ʋ - Present)The New Surresi Republic (NSR) was created in 5839 Ʋ after the Surresi people gained their independence from the Union of the Red Circle in the Four Year's War.
The New Surresi Republic is formed
Mulót Nïvaam, the Yêruvi leader of the Surresi people in the Battle of Monvørg, was elected as the emperor of Surresia by the Surresi people.
Annexation of TBD
The Sartakian-Surresi War
Main article: Sartakian-Surresi War
Government and Politics
Federal Department of Safety
Main article: Federal Department of Safety (NSFDS)
Federal Department of Energy
Main article: Federal Department of Energy (NSFDE)
Federal Department of Education
Main article: Federal Department of Education (NSFDED)
Federal Department of Health
Main article: Federal Department of Health (NSFDH)
Federal Department of Transport
Main article: Federal Department of Transport (NSFDTX)
Federal Department of Commerce
Main article: Federal Department of Commerce (NSFDHC)
Within the New Surresi Republic (Standard Surresi: Lavensaa Nīth Munaar, ) there are forty-one counties known as "nħaari" (sing. "nħaar"). These counties are classified as primary counties (senħaari) and secondary counties (manħaari), two of the secondary counties (Ånk and Olv-do-gölsur) being protected by the Surresi government to preserve the environments there. Senħaari are more powerful nħaari with more powerful legislation and commonly greater infrastructure. Senħaari govern the secondary counties, the manħaari, which have weaker legislature and are commonly less developed than senħaari. The senħaari of Pérrigo, within which is the capital city of Pérrigo, governs the other senħaari. Each nħaaras (plur. nħaaraas) (collection of nħaari that includes a senħaar and the manħaari the senħaar governs) is given the right to secede. To secede, a candidate nħaaras must have at least 75,000 inhabitants at the time of the declaration of secession, a referendum in the nħaaras must be passed, and a special bill must be passed by the Seyųnih and signed by at least 26 members of the Seyųnih to be made official.
|Ǒve||senħaar||Pérrigo (as capital)||TBD||TBD|
|Desdo||senħaar||Pérrigo (as capital)||TBD||TBD|
|Rhêá||manħaar||Sir Rob County||TBD||TBD|
|Vhệnẹt Ria||senħaar||Pérrigo (as capital)||TBD||TBD|
|Hirva'dovz Reb||manħaar||Sir Rob County||TBD||TBD|
|Sir Rob County||senħaar||Pérrigo (as capital)||TBD||TBD|
|Cape Tuz||senħaar||Pérrigo (as capital)||TBD||TBD|
|Ester Bay||senħaar||Pérrigo (as capital)||TBD||TBD|
|Vilǐ'se||senħaar||Pérrigo (as capital)||TBD||TBD|
|Şĭlghot||senħaar||Pérrigo (as capital)||TBD||TBD|
|Đolaftot||senħaar||Pérrigo (as capital)||TBD||TBD|
|Ruth'adva||senħaar||Pérrigo (as capital)||TBD||TBD|
|Lorkan||senħaar||Pérrigo (as capital)||TBD||TBD|
|Raały||senħaar||Pérrigo (as capital)||TBD||TBD|
|Tsaika-aré||senħaar||Pérrigo (as capital)||TBD||TBD|
|Dųks||senħaar||Pérrigo (as capital)||TBD||TBD|
|Croce||senħaar||Pérrigo (as capital)||TBD||TBD|
Main article: Surresi Armed Forces
See also: NSR Military Spreadsheet
The Surresi military, known as the New Surresi Military (NSM) (Standard Surresi: Lavensaa Nīth Gidyestsegrahiẉk (LNG)), is comprised of seven branches: the Army, Navy, Air force, Marines, Defense Wide Joint Intelligence, Defense Intelligence, and Medean Patrol.
The NSM was founded in TBD Ʋ in response to TBD.
Today, the NSM is largely in use to protect against potential Sartakian or Vespian invasions. The NSM is funded in part by the government of Aurionea and Wittland. Aurionea owns a military base in northwestern Ånk, while Wittland owns an embassy and naval base in the Ved Kiẉnvàin archipelago in the Bay of Knut.
The New Surresi Republic directs the majority of its military budget towards its Navy (NSNMF) as to protect TBD to its northwest, patrol the southern perimeter of the Volubilian Sea, and escort high-priority merchant fleets.
The New Surresi Republic's Army (NSTMF) is posted in the NSR and TBD to the northwest largely as a defense force.
The NSR's Air force (NSANMF) TBD...
The NSR's Marines (NSM/AMF) TBD...
The NSR's Defense Wide Joint Intelligence (NSDWJI) TBD...
The NSR's Defense Intelligence (NSDFITL) TBD...
The NSR's "Medean Patrol" (NSEVP) is a patrol force posted in Northern Surresia in response to the potentiality of Sartakian invasions and to provide a strong point of operations in the case of vertical warfare.
The NSM is one of Sabel's largest user of military aerostats and has used dirigible and tethered airships in past conflicts for reconnaissance, barrage netting, observation, motherships, et cetera. Observation hot air balloons have been used in Surresia as far back as c. 3200 (TBD) Ʋ in warfare, for meteorological purposes, postal systems, etc. The TBD Empire in Greater Surresia is known to be the first civilization to develop lighter-than-air crafts and the first civilization to develop flight. Barrage balloons were used during the Drendallic Cold War of TBD Ʋ by Surresia to foul aerial bombers.
Today, the NSM is in the process of developing a new line of rigid, semi-rigid, and non-rigid airships. Examples of these include the recently declassified VsL-T#B#D (nicknamed Eosma) and the rumored rigid high-altitude stealth airship Korelkad.
The government of the NSR is the highest funder of airship industries of Sabel's governments, funding airship activities ranging from entrepreneurial freighting to military surveillance operations.
Vaal Veysunselok Vekzman (VVV), the largest airship company in Sabel is based in the NSR senħaar of Croce. It is the largest producer and supplier of airships worldwide and has over T#B#D locations built worldwide, making it (EDIT THIS SECTION LATER -->) the largest and most profitable industry in the NSR and southwest Drendall (<-- EDIT THIS SECTION LATER).
Many major advancements in airship technology have been credited to Surresia during the past T#B#D years Ʋ and airship technology will likely surpass that of aerodynes according to Kam Lakfnez of Vaal Veysunselok Vekzman.
The NSNMF's blue water navy (NSNMFO) is a branch of the NSM's navy.
The NSNMF's green water navy (NSNMFCO) is a branch of the NSM's navy.
The NSNMF's brown water navy (NSNMFR) is a branch of the NSM's navy.
The NSANMF's airship division (NSANMAS) is a branch of the NSM's air force and is jointly operated, supplied, and funded by external corporations.
The NSEVP's "refuge" division (NSEVR) is a NSEVP division that is used to develop bases, shelter for retreating forces, hidden aircraft and terrestrial vehicle garages, etc.
The NSEVP's "defense" division (NSEVD) is a NSEVP division that is used to facilitate surveillance and other defense measures in order to support and protect the NSEVR's operations.
The Great Sabel War
Main article: Economy of the New Surresi Republic
The official currency of Surresia is the Verba (ᕓ) (VRB).
|Part of Ankuria|
Geographical map of contemporary Surresia.
Main article: Geography of Surresia
Surresia shares borders with TBD, TBD, TBD, TBD, TBD, and TBD. It is bordered to the west is the Volubilian Sea, to the south the Southern Ocean, to the east the TBD, and to the north the Medea Mountains. Surresia is mostly a grassland region, broken only by the mass of rivers surrounded by the scorched lands to the north, further northward the foothills of the Medea Mountains, in central Peninsular Surresi The Ħod, and the subtropical coniferous forests and marshes of Blekr.
The Surresi Peninsula provides a barrier between the rough waters of Southern Ocean and the calmer waters of the Volubilian Sea, creating a busy sea trade ecosystem to the west of the Surresi Peninsula. To the southeast of Đolaftot senħaar are two islands, Kolgegaz and Īzegaz, and to the east of the manħaar of Tsiruły is the TBD archipelago in the Bay of TBD.
Main article: Climate of Surresia
The climate of Surresia is primarily humid subtropical. The eastern coast is a monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climatic zone.
Flora and FaunaMain articles: Flora of Surresia, Fauna of Surresia
Main article: Demographics of the New Surresi Republic
Currently, the native Surresi races make up 82% of the population of the New Surresi Republic, while the various ethnic groups endemic to western Assai (as well as Cadisia) make up 13%, with a 5% "other" group remaining. Prior to 5889 Ʋ, The Assai Kaijin (from the Union of the Red Circle) made up a much smaller percentage (9-6 percent) of the population, although holding nearly all governmental positions.
|Yêruv People||Șeliperuv †|
|Vho Ra Rǣ|
|Paic People||Kobo People †|
Note that this above list does not include non-Surresi ethnic groups in the New Surresi Republic (such as the Assai Kaijin), which also form a significant part of the demographics of Western Assai. Also note that this list also includes a number of now extinct ancient, classical, and modern ethnic groups, such as the Kodankinuv, Kobo People, and Șeliperuv who were killed off in various ethnic cleansings and ethnic wars.
|Vho Ra Rǣ||8%||TBD||TBD|
Main article: Surresi Language
The New Surresi Republic is home to many languages belonging to the ethnic sub-groups native to Surresia. PLACE HOLDER SENTENCE FOR ETHNICITY - LANGUAGE CONNECTION.
|Emrit (Standard)||The Korat||TBD||5%||TBD|
|Assai (Standard)||Western Assai||TBD||2.5%||TBD|
|Emrit (Kora)||The Korat||TBD||2%||TBD|
|Đolasur Fhé||Peninsular Surresia||TBD||2%||TBD|
|Berushi||Horn of Run, Cadisia||TBD||0.5%||TBD|
Main article: Surresi culture
Surresi culture is one of many customs. These customs largely dictate dining, speech, respect, clothing, and other parts of daily life. Although many customs have been relaxed, especially for clothing and speech, some communities in Greater Surresia pay close attention to keeping to Surresi customs.
Main article: Holidays in the New Surresi Republic
|New Year's Day||January 1 (Humanity Calendar)||Date of the first day of the year in the TBD calendar. Festivities include the eating of traditional dishes and the tossing of red handkerchiefs into streets.|
|Säänvulsavlö||February 17 (Humanity Calendar)||Date of the massacring of the Savlö, dedicated to the mourning those lost to the forces of the Union of the Red Circle.|
|National Fitness Day||May 3 (Humanity Calendar)||A day that encourages physical activity. Marks the formation of the NSFDH.|
|Independence Day||May 23 (Humanity Calendar)||Date of the Battle of Monvørg, the conflict resulting in the independence of Surresia from the Union of the Red Circle.|
|Native Surresi Heritage Day||November 9 (Humanity Calendar)||Day dedicated to the appreciation of the many Native Surresi cultures and ancestries.|
Commonly Observed Non-Federal Holidays
|Day of the Sea||January 3 (Humanity Calendar)||Associated with the sea, a general day of festivity. Those celebrating commonly take time to admire the sea or a nearby body of water or river.|
|Sorga Müla Day||March 12 (Humanity Calendar)||Celebrates the birthday of Sorga Müla, a prominent figure in the effort to destroy the Yîhat terrorist organisation.|
|Day of the Hand||May 21 (Humanity Calendar)||Date of the beginning of the seasonal campground construction carried out by the ancient semi-nomadic Native Surresi. The historical tradition is celebrated in Pérrigo City Park (some more distant towns and cities will host their own identical celebration) by the construction of a se-ghạvîểt.|
|Faaránvul||June 9 (Humanity Calendar)||Day of charity. Portions of savings are traditionally given to local charities and the homeless. Gifts are commonly exchanged instead of money in certain regions of northwest Surresia.|
|Day of the Club||August 2 (Humanity Calendar)||Date that marks the end of the time ancient semi-nomadic Native Surresi would spend in their camps. The historical tradition is celebrated in Pérrigo Park (some more distant towns and cities will host their own identical celebration) by the demolishing of the se-ghạvîểt built previously that May. Wooden clubs and resin torches are used to destroy the building.|
|Harr'kul Dyvglesí Day||September 9 (Humanity Calendar)||Commonly seen as the birthday of the first emperor and founder of the Monrømat Empire of antiquity, Harr'kul Dyvglesí.|
Stereotypes and internet notoriety
Citizens of the NSR, people of Surresi descent, and speakers of the languages descended from the Proto-Ludic-Anic-Medean language family are the subject of various stereotypes, largely stereotypes of the Surresi languages. Common subjects of Surresi language stereotyping include bringing attention to the short words in Standard Surresi used in common speech (such as: "fos los niẉn hi bovon?"), the frequent tendency for speakers of the languages descended from the Şĭluv language to speak metaphorically, TBD.
Largest cities or towns in the New Surresi Republic
5993 Ʋ Census
|1||Pérrigo||Pérrigo||5,132,169||11||Samatar||Kingdom of Samatar||2,719,406|
|2||Uskada||Ester Bay||4,984,212||12||Nikotcska||South Metsia||2,640,378|
|5||Desdo||Desdo||3,721,406||15||ezh'Emrit||Azhos of ezh'Emrit||2,286,419|
|9||Zhyandar||Zhatsai||2,998,406||19||Run||Free State of Run||1,984,912|