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Commonwealth of Ussuria
and largest city
|Government||Federal presidential parliamentary republic|
• Capitulation of Derzhavist Russia
• 2019 estimate
very high · TBD
Ussurian ruble (U₽) |
|Time zone||UTC+10 to UTC+12|
Ussuria (Russian: Уссурия, tr. Ussuriya; Chinese: 烏蘇里亞, tr. Wūsūlǐyǎ; Korean: 우수리아, tr. Usulia), officially the Commonwealth of Ussuria (Russian: Содружество Уссурия, tr. Sodruzhestvo Ussuriya; Chinese: 烏蘇里亞聯邦, tr. Wūsūlǐyǎ liánbāng; Korean: 우수리아연방, tr. Usulia yeonbang) and formerly known as the Far East Republic, is an sovereign nation located in Northeast Asia. Its capital and largest city is Vladivostok. Ussuria's ethnic makeup consists primarily of ethnic Russians, Chinese, and Koreans, as well as significant Yakut, Tuvans, Mongolian, Khakas, and Altai minorities.
Ussuria was historically a part of Russia, and was known as the Russian Far East. It was conquered by the Russian Empire during the 16th and 17th centuries, and remained under Russian control until the end of Great War II, when Derzhavist Russia was defeated by the Allied Powers, which included Sierra. Ussuria was one of the several regions created by the partition of Russia, and was awarded to Sierra by the Treaty of Porciúncula. It included the oblasts and governorates of the Russian Far East, with the notable exception of Sakhalin Island, of which the entirety was ceded to Japan. Following the war, Ussuria was first administered as an occupation zone, as part of the larger Allied-occupied Russia, and remained under military occupation until 1970, when the area was made a transitional territory of Sierra. During the 1970s, the newly-independent Ussuria would experience a period of rapid "Sierranization" and modernization. In 1977, Ussuria would be granted independence as a republic following the implementation of a new constitution, but would remain a close ally to Sierra during the Cold War.
In the modern era, Ussuria operates as a federal republic and multi-party parliamentary democracy which is highly based on the Sierran system of government. The President of Ussuria is the head of state and acts largely in a ceremonial position, while the Prime Minister of Ussuria is head of government and acts as the nation's executive. The national legislature is the Legislative Assembly, consisting of a total of 345 members. Ussuria is a member of the League of Nations, World Trade Organization, and the Indo-Pacific Treaty Organization. As a former Sierran territory, Ussuria is a member of the Columbia Community, which consists of nations formerly and currently considered a realm of the Sierran monarchy.
Etymology[edit | edit source]
The name Ussuria is derived from the Ussuri, a major river which runs through the districts of Khabarovsk and Primrosy Krai, and Manchuria. In Russian, Ussuria is written as Уссурия, which is transliterated as Ussuriya. Historically, Ussuria was part of the Russian Siberia, which included the historic oblasts and governorates of Yakutsk, Primorskaya, and Kamchatka, in a subsection known as the Russian Far East. During the post-war military occupation of Russia, Ussuria was administered as the Sierran Siberian Occupation Zone, and was informally known as Primorye, after Primorsky Krai, which was the district of the zone's administrative center, Vladivostok. Ussuria is translated as 烏蘇里亞 (Wūsūlǐyǎ) in Chinese and 우수리아 (Usulia) in Korean, the territory's two other official languages.
The official name of Ussuria is the Commonwealth of Ussuria as defined by the Constitution of Ussuria, which is translated as Содружество Уссурия (Sodruzhestvo Ussuriya) in Russian. In Chinese, it is translated as 烏蘇里亞聯邦 (Wūsūlǐyǎ liánbāng) and in Korean, it is translated as 우수리아연방 (Usulia yeonbang).
History[edit | edit source]
Prehistory[edit | edit source]
Modern humans have lived in modern-day Ussuria for at least 40,000 years. At least two other species of humans: H. neanderthalensis and Denisovans also co-existed alongside members of the modern anatomically Homo sapiens. Fossilized remains of prehistoric animals from the Pleistocene Epoch have been preserved in ice or permafrost, including wooly mammoths, wooly rhinoceros, bison, horses, and Eurasian cave lions. Parts of Ussuria formed a part of Beringia, a prehistoric land bridge which linked Eurasia to the Americas. The land bridge formed and reformed throughout millions of years due to global cycles of cooling and warming, which influenced glaciation in the area. The Beringia land bridge was last extant approximately 11,000 years BP. The indigenous peoples of the Americas arrived to Americas by way of this land bridge, and are the descendants of the Paleolithic people who had lived in prehistoric Ussuria and beyond.