Anthem: Мoрш Йедишан
File:The National Anthem of Dagestan Republic.ogg
Location of Yedisan
|Ethnic groups||Yedisani, Russians, Ukrainians|
|Government||Unitary parliamentary republic|
• Sultanate of Yedisan
• Yedisanian Democratic Republic
|December 12, th, 1945|
• Current Constitution
|December 4 th 1989|
|57,908 km2 (22,358 sq mi)|
• 2014 estimate
• Per capita
• Per capita
high · 85th
Originally the home to Slavic nomads the modern state of Yedisan was formed when Turkic settlers sailed across the Black Sea to trade with Kievian traders in modern day Ukraine. Establishing the Cuman-Kipchak confederation which spanned much of Eastern Europe the region became part of the Mongol Empire and the Kipchak Khanate. Following the Khanates collapse in 1502 the Khanate of Yedisan was established in its place, which was Islamnised after it became a vassal of the Ottoman Empire, becoming the Khedivate of Yedisan in 1548. Yedisan soon adopted a blend of European and Turkic culture with vibrant trade across the Black Sea. In 1878 following the independence of Romania the Khedive of Yedisan was annexed into the Russian Empire being subject to Russification policies. Following WWI the creation of the First Republic of Yedisan occurred with the republic retaining independence following the Treaty of Riga. The new republic was incredibly unstable leading to the rise of Mâlikgülyeviç Ataýew taking power in a coup d'état creating a authoritarian dictatorship.
Ataýew attempted to maintain Yedisani neutrality during World War Two but was following Operation Barbarossa was invaded by Nazi Germany, who set up the Independent State of Yedisan, a puppet state of the Nazi's. Soviet forces occupied Yedisan in 1944, annexing the country and supporting the creation of the Yedisani Soviet Socialist Republic. Pro-democracy protests in 1990 saw Yedisan declare independence from the Soviet Union with the country's independence being recognised in 1991. Since the Kryvian-Yedisani War that lasted from 1990-1995, the eastern half of Yedisan has been under the control of partially recognised state of the Republic of Kryve.
Yedisan has struggled economically since democratisation, with shock therapy economics leading to poverty and inequality within Yedisan. Yedisan is a member of the United Nations, Council of Europe, WTO, NATO and the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation. Yedisan is a candidate member for the European Union.
History[edit | edit source]
Early history[edit | edit source]
Ottoman Period[edit | edit source]
Kingdom of Yedisan[edit | edit source]
Interwar period[edit | edit source]
Yedisani Democratic Republic[edit | edit source]
Second Yedisani Republic[edit | edit source]
Shortly after the demise of the communist government ethnic tensions arouse between the Slavs of Yedisan and the Turkic speaking majority, especially in the eastern regions of Kryve. During the drafting of a post-communist constitution it was suggested that the country become a federal republic between the Turkic speaking majority and Slavic minority and a referendum held on the matter. A slim majority of Turkic speaking Yedisani's voted against federation whilst a majority of Slavs voted for; this led to the referendum to fail and ethnic tensions to sharply increase as Prime Minister Chernyshenko and his Movement of Civic Rights resigned from government. On the 17th March 1991 the Slavic Liberation Army took control of much of the Kryve region with Chernyshenko declaring the independence of the Republic of Kryve.
The declaration of Kryvian independence led to the Kryvian-Yedisani war with Yedisani forces moving into Kryve to nullify the insurgents. The war saw thousands displaced, with nationalist terrorist forces on both sides killing large amounts of the other. The Kryvian-Yedisani War saw ethnic tensions in Kryve particularly flare with Slavs documented to have undertaken expulsions or massacres of Yedisani communities whilst the Yedisani government was accused of using widespread torture. In 1993 Yedisani troops began to siege Nikolayev, resulting in Russia to allegedly start bankrolling the Kryvian rebels with Yedisani forces pushed back from the Southern Bug. The war continued to be a stalemate through 1993-1995 until in 1995 at the Lyon conference the United Nations was able to broker a ceasefire between the two factions with an armistice line being drawn. President Aghakhanov agreed alongside his Kryvian counterpart Chernyshenko to begin negotiations to reunify the country, with Aghakhanov declaring in 1996 the creation of an "autonomous republic" in Kryve. However the "Slavic Spring" in November 1996 which saw thousands of ethnic Yedisani's expelled from Kryve after ethnic riots led to the reunification process to be frozen.
During and after the war neoliberal economic reform was implemented with the welfare state being diminished hugely. This caused nationwide inequality in Yedisan with the economy struggling to adapt to modern market trends. As more social projects were cut back discontent with the government grew with many being thrown into poverty. Prime Minister Rejepbay Myradov was widely accused of corruption with political power being concentrated in the hands of a small group of business owners referred to as oligarchs. In 1992 Myradov was dismissed from the position Prime Minister by President Aghakhanov due to accusations of corruption and government mismanagement.
In 1993 the second general elections were held in Yedisan where the Yedisani Socialist Party won a majority of seats with Raşit Tajiyeva being elected as Prime Minister. Tajiyeva halted some of the economic reform in Yedisan, promising to once again implement a welfare state in Yedisan but during the Slavic Spring was dismissed by President Aghakhanov for failing to stop Slavic forces massacre Yedisani citizens. In 1996 the Democratic Party renamed the European Yedisan Party was able to win with Akja Ýazmyradow, the fist Yedisani female prime minister, returning to the premiership. Under the Ýazmyradow government Yedisan applied to join the European Union in 1999. In 2000 European Yedisan lost its majority, going into government with the Democratic Justice Party which supported Islamic democracy. Disagreements over Yedisani support for the Iraq War (which was supported by the European Yedisan Party but opposed by the Democratic Justice Party) meant the government fell in 2003 leading to the Socialist Party under Eldÿniz Karimov to win a majority with Karimov becoming president the year after.
An economic and social liberal, Karimov's government forged close relations with the United States joining NATO in 2009 and the European Union with Hallyýew aiming for Yedisan to join the latter by 2020. The Karimov government also implemented wide-reaching economic reform privatising the previously state-owned welfare and health systems whilst reforming the pension system with the aim of ensuring Yedisan would meet EU membership critrea. Karimov also alongside his Kryvian counterpart Vladimir Zubkov brought renewed emphasis on Yedisani-Kryvian unification, with talks being held on the matter between 2005-2010. The popularity of the Karimov government meant it became the first since the fall of communism to be re-elected in the 2007 election when it received the necessary super-majority to submits amendments to the constitution that would be put to a referendum. Karimov who as head of the Socialist Party was de facto head of government attempted to change the governmental system from parliamentarism to semi-presidentialism in 2010 but saw the proposals defeated by a margin of 61% to 37%.
The global financial crisis of 2008 adversely affected Yedisan with unemployment rising rapidly and wages being cut despite opposition from labour unions, who started to organise strikes in response to lower wages. The 2011 elections saw a staggering victory for the Democratic Justice Party with Süleyman Amirbeyov becoming Prime Minister. The Amirbeyov government has been controversial allegedly pursing a more conservative, Islamic agenda whilst also disregarding press freedoms and checks and balances. Amirbeyov has also reversed several of the economic reforms of the Hallyýew government and forged closer ties with Islamic countries such as Turkey and Iran over the US and EU. The Amirbeyov government has also lessened efforts to reunify with Kryve prior to EU membership, stating that if Yedisan joined the EU first it would give a greater incentive for Kryve to unify with Yedisan.
Politics[edit | edit source]
Government[edit | edit source]single party socialist rule into a liberal democracy. The Constitution of Yedisan labels the country as a secular, democratic nation. Primarily politics take place within a unitary parliamentary republic with a unicameral legislature. Officially Yedisan is a multi-party state, with the largest two political parties being the Democratic Justice Party and the Yedisani Socialist Party. The second biggest parties include the European Yedisan Party and the Turkic Unity Movement. The National Assembly of Yedisan serves as the elected legislature of Yedisan. Yedisan has a three tier judicial system that mainly utilises civil law.
- The head of state is the President of Yedisan who plays a largely ceremonial role. The President is however the commander-in-chief of the military with the power to declare war, approve and ratify laws, and give pardon. The president is elected every four years through a direct election.
- The legislative body of Yedisan is the unicameral National Assembly of Yedisan. The National Assembly is elected every four years in general elections through a party-list proportional representation voting system with a 5% electoral threshold within a system of universal adult suffrage. The party or coalition that has the most seats in the National Assembly forms the official government of Yedisan. There are 105 seats in the National Assembly.
- The executive branch of Yedisan is led by the Prime Minister of Yedisan who serves as the head of government. The Prime Minister is the leader of the political party that either holds a majority of seats in the State Congress (at least 53) or is the leader of a coalition. The Prime Minister is responsible for putting together the Cabinet of Yedisan, a cabinet of ministers who are picked from members of the ruling party in the National Assembly by the Prime Minister. The Cabinet is responsible for running the majority of government operations in Yedisan.
- The Judicature of Yedisan mainly consists of a system based around civil system as well as using a three tier court system. The High Court of Yedisan functions as the supreme court of Yedisan and is led by the Chief Justice, a position appointed by the National Assembly and approved by the president. Below the High Court stands the District Courts, which are located in the seven districts of Yedisan. Finally there are the magistrate courts of Yedisanwhich are subdivided into civilian and criminal courts, and are located in most towns and cities in Yedisan.
Political Parties[edit | edit source]
Turkic Unity Party: 15 seats
Democratic Justice Party: 50 seats
European Yedisan Party: 11 seats
Slavic People's Party: 6 seats
Yedisani Socialist Party: 23 seats
The Socialist party is the main opposition in the State Assembly having the second largest amount of seats (23) in the National Assembly. The successor to the former ruling Communist Party of Yedisan the Socialist Party has since the year 2000 generally supported social and economic liberalism alongside a pro-western foreign policy being closely associated with "third way" movements. The party is split between modernisers and post-communists.
The three largest minor parties are the Turkic Unity Movement, European Yedisan Party and the Slavic People's Party who have 15, 11 and 6 seats respectively in the National Assembly. The Turkic Unity Movement is generally seen as an ethno-nationalist movement that promotes pan-Turkism and far-right politics with many of its members being connected to the Gray Wolves. The Turkic Unity Movement currently serves in the coalition government with the DJP. The European Yedisan Party was formed in 1989 as the Democratic Party; originally a right-wing nationalist party since the mid 1990's it is re-positioned itself as a broadly neoliberal party that supports Yedisani membership of the European Union. European Yedisan was the dominant centre-right party until the 2000's serving in government from 1989-1994 (as the Democratic Party) and again from 1996-2000. The third minor party is the Slavic People's Party, which mainly campaigns to uphold the rights of Slavs in Yedisan through democratic, peaceful means. The Slavic People's Party mainly gets votes from Slavic communities in Yedisan, especially in Kaynarca. The Movement of Civic Rights which currently makes up the government of Kryve is the largest party banned in Yedisan.
Administrative divisions[edit | edit source]
|Kara Kerman||Kapa Kepмaн||Ozu-Cale|
- Not currently controlled by the Yedisani government
Foreign policy[edit | edit source]
Yedisani foreign policy is handled by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, with Bekmyrat Kakabaýew serving as the current Foreign Secretary. Since 1989 Yedisani foreign policy has mainly been focused around joining the European Union, with Yedisan having stable relations with its neighbours Romania, Ukraine and Moldova. Yedisan also has close relations with other Muslim countries in Europe such as Turkey, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Albania. Since the conflict in Kryve and Russian support of Slavic rebels was announced, Yedisan has sought to distance itself from the Moscow government.
Currently Yedisan is part of various international organisations such as the United Nations, Council of Europe, WTO, OECD, EEA, OSCE, IAEA, ESA, BSEC, Community of Democratic Choice, and the IMF. Yedisan is also a member of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation and in 2002 joined NATO.
Military[edit | edit source]Commander-in-Chief.
Yedisani military has mainly be deployed on the Kyrve - Yedisani boarder, with periodic fighting taking place. As of 2015 Yedisan still retains troops in Afghanistan, although since the end of the United States led war they have begun to pull troops out of the country as the Afghan government starts to handle the conflict. Yedisani military has also provided aid in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, and Georgia.
Yedisan currently spends 1.6% of its GDP on defence, and has committed to increase spending in the military over the next four years. Prior to the fall of the Soviet Union Yedisan received the majority of its military equipment from the USSR, and still some Soviet era equipment such as the BTR-80 armoured car. Despite this Yedisan has begun to develop its own weapon industry with the manufacture of weapons, ammunition and tanks becoming the main priorities.
Geography[edit | edit source]Sri Lanka but larger then Togo. It boarders the Black Sea to the east and south, Ukraine to the north, Moldova to the west and Romania to the south west.
The Dniester river runs through Yedisan as does the Southern Bug. Part of Europes longest river the Danube runs through Meskheti at the Romanian-Yedisani border. Yedisan's landscape mostly consists of steppes and plateaus with fertile rural land, hence Yedisan's large agriculture projects. Yedisan has a continental climate with cold winters and hot summers. February and March are often the driest seasons while June and July are the wettest. The average temperature in Yedisan around springtime is 11–13 °C.
Economy[edit | edit source]
Since 1989 Yedisan has transitioned away from a Soviet style command economy with central planning into a mixed economy with various degrees of government regulation. As of 2017 Yedisan has a nominal GDP of $39.698 billion with $9,309 per capita and a PPP GDP of $67.123 billion with $15,744 per capita with a high HDI rating of 0.777. Yedisan uses the Abazi as the national currency. Yedisan currently pegs the Abazi to the Euro with one Euro equalling 3.06 Abazi's.
Yedisan has encountered positive economic growth since the liberalisation of its economy, although poverty and wealth inequality remain prevalent in Yedisan. From 2004 - 2007 Yedisan's GDP increased rather rapidly reaching its peak in June 2006 at 6.1%. Since the Great Recession of 2008 the Yedisani economy has struggled to deal with unemployment and stagnant economic development. To combat this more government regulation has been implemented in Yedisan whilst cutting back on social welfare programs and taking loans from the IMF. This has resulted in tepid economic growth in Yedisan although unemployment still stands high at 14%.
Yedisan's biggest industries are based around oil and gas refinery, agriculture, transportation, telecommunication services and tourism. The primary agricultural exports in Meskheti are maize, sunflowers, barley, sugar beets and wheat. Yedisani companies also facilitate the building and maintenance of ship yards and railroads.
Demographics[edit | edit source]
Culture[edit | edit source]
Vyrodian culture is strongly influenced by the Eastern Orthodox Church, as well as the assimilation of elements of Byzantine, Slavic and Ottoman culture. Meskheti is most often associated with its traditions in literature, theatre, music and art. Socially Vyrodian people are generally conservative especially on the topics of LGBT rights and multiculturalism.
Architecture[edit | edit source]architecture resembled that of the Byzantine Empire was a adopted with mosaics, domes, piers and alabaster windows were common features in Yedisani architecture.
The Ottoman Empire also brought new architectural styles to Yedisan with Ottoman architecture consisting of domes, semi domes, columns and Islamic influences being used frequently in Yedisan. The collapse of the Ottoman empire saw the rise of baroque architecture within Yedisan combined with Islamic styles. During the 1920's more modern architectural styles were introduced in urban areas, but these still took a backseat to the more traditional variants.
Following the creation of the Yedisani Democratic Republic traditional architecture styles were replaced at first with Stalinist architecture, then brutalist architecture. Urban planning contributed to the creation of modern high rise housing blocks, something that had been avoided prior to 1950. Following the collapse of communism in Yedisan modern styles of architecture (such as postmodern and Neomodern) became popular in Yedisan. However, this resulted in a backlash in the mid 2000's over loss of culture has meant that New Classical architecture has become one of the more dominant forms of architecture in Meskheti.
Literature[edit | edit source]
Theatre[edit | edit source]opera to more modern pieces centred around naturalism.
Possibly the most famous Yedisani playwright and director is Mahmud Osmanglu, who pioneered what he coined to be "Alternate Naturalism". This theatrical style combines naturalist acting techniques in surrealist staging often making use of physical theatre. Osmanglu's plays themselves mainly focussed around a nihilistic view of human nature, with critiques of social inequality, but also included general themes of romance, revenge, and faith. Kirochev's most famous plays include One September Evening, Titananicous, Judgement in her duty, and what is widely considered to be his magnum opus, A Toast to the Pious. Other famous Yedisani playwrights include tba.
Sport[edit | edit source]
The most popular sports in Yedisan are football, basketball, rugby union and wrestling. Football is by far the most popular sport in Yedisan, with the national men's team even participating in the 2002 FIFA world cup, although they failed to make it past the group stage, winning only against the United States and losing to South Korea and Portugal. Football in Yedisan is divided into five leagues - the Premier league, the first league, the second league, the third league, and the local leagues. The Premier league consists of the 16 best football clubs in Vyrodia, whilst the first league deals with the 25 next best teams. The second league also has 25 teams as does the third league. Teams advance to higher leagues if they are among the top four in the league at the end of the football season, whilst those at the bottom 4 places in the league are relegated to a lower league.
| Moldova (de jure)
Transnistria (de facto)
| Ukraine (de jure)|
File:Flag of Kryve edited-1.png Kryve (de facto)
|Black Sea||Black Sea|