Young Communist League
|Young Communist League |
Залуу коммунист лиг (mg)
|Leader||Yuan Xiang (last)|
|Founded||October 3, 1946|
|Dissolved||March 21, 1991|
No. 9 Revolution Square|
Harbin, Manchu People's Republic
|Newspaper||Young Pioneer Daily|
|Membership||2.8 million (1989)|
|National affiliation||Communist Party of Manchuria|
|International affiliation||World Federation of Democratic Youth|
|Part of a series on the|
|Manchu People's Republic|
The Young Communist League (Chinese: 青年共产主义同盟) was the youth wing of the Communist Party of Manchuria from October 1946 until March 21, 1991 and lasted throughout the entire existence of the Manchu People's Republic. The league was for children ages twelve to seventeen and was run by the Communist Party with the intent on raising the nation's youth with a pro-communist upbringing. The party was lead by a secretary from the Central Committee, though sometimes national leaders lead the movement such as First Secretary Tao Shiyou and National Democratic Council Premier Yuan Xiang, who was the last leader of the league.
The movement was inspired by the Young Pioneers of the Soviet Union and was created in 1946 after the formal establishment of the Manchu People's Republic as an autonomous self-governing state. The movement was created to spread communism and the revolution tout nation's youth and the government had incentivized children to join via offering affordable housing and jobs to families that allowed their children to join. By 1955, upwards as 80% of Manchuria's youth were members of the Young Communist League. During the Red Terror, the Young League was used as a secret police force and children were taught to report anyone who was suspected of counter-revolutionary activities, even their own parents and family members, citing that it was for the good of the nation. Qian Yiu-tong had reorganized the movement in the 1960s and moved them away from an arm of the government towards a youth movement meant to raise children in the spirit of communism. In accordance with the Black River Protocol, the Young Communist League was to raise youths to become future members of the communist party and once members turned eighteen they were to be granted official membership status and were given the option to train freshmen members.
In the 1980s, the Young Communist League was reorganized again and this time members were to be taught the virtues of Manchu Communism, a form of national communism by Tao Shiyou, and were to be taught to engage in light industry, consumer goods, and work hard to improve the standard of living for Manchuria. Youth League members were also allowed greater degrees of cultural expression and anti-religious rules and practices were forbidden and discontinued to promote cultural detente. By 1989, the Youth League had around 2.3 million total members, but its influence began to decline by the late 1980s over anger at the communist government and the movement was dissolved in 1991 after the modern-day Third Republic was formed.